ⓘ Xavier Darcos


ⓘ Xavier Darcos

Xavier Darcos is a French politician, scholar, civil servant and former Minister of Labour.

An agrege professor in literature and general inspector of the National Education system, he has been Mayor of Perigueux, a Senator, and a minister in Jean-Pierre Raffarin and François Fillons governments.


1. Biography

Darcos was born on 14 July 1947 in Limoges to Jean-Gabriel Darcos and Anne-Marie Banvillet.

After getting a PhD in Latin studies from the University of Bordeaux under the direction of Jean-Pierre Neraudau and becoming a professor emeritus in letters and social sciences, he started teaching in 1968, first in Perigueux, then in a Bordeaux khagne from 1982 to 1987, and finally at the lycee Louis-le-Grand, Paris from 1987 to 1992.

In 1989 he became deputy to the Mayor of Perigueux. Three years later, he became a senior school inspector.

From 1993 to 1995 he was the chief of staff directeur de cabinet to Education Minister François Bayrou, from 1995 to 1997 advisor to Prime Minister Alain Juppe for education and culture matters, and from 1995 to 1998, along with François Bayroux and Claude Allegre, he was the president of school inspectors. From 1996 to 1999 he was also a Professor in comparative literature at the Paris IV University.

In 1997 he became Mayor of Perigueux, and was reelected both in 2001 and 2005. He was also elected Senator of Dordogne in 1998.

In May 2002, he became Minister for School Education in Jean-Pierre Raffarins cabinet, then on 1 April 2004 Minister for Cooperation, Development and Francophony.

He has been a member of the Aquitaine Regional Council since 2004. On 15 June 2005 he became a French ambassador for the OCDE.

In 2006, he was elected as member of the Academie des sciences morales et politiques and was its secretaire perpetuel from 2010 until 2017.

Since 18 May 2007, he has been the Minister of National Education in François Fillons governments. In March 2008, he failed to be reelected as Mayor of Perigueux.

In 2009, he condemned as "criminal" statements made by Pope Benedict XVI which claimed that condoms promote AIDS, when in fact they help protect against it.

Darcos was elected as an immortel of the Academie française on 13 June 2013.


2. Political career

Governmental functions
  • Minister of National Education: 2007–2009.
  • Minister of Development, Cooperation and Francophony: 2004–2005.
  • Minister of School Education: 2002–2004.
  • Minister of Labor, Social Affairs, Family, and Solidarity: 2009–2010.
Electoral mandates

Senate of France

Senator of Dordogne: 1998–2002 Became minister in 2002.

Regional Council

Regional councillor of Aquitaine: Since 2004. Reelected in 2010.

Municipal Council

  • Mayor of Perigueux: 1997–2002 Resignation / 2005–2008. Reelected in 2001, 2005.
  • Deputy-mayor of Perigueux: 1989–1997 / 2002–2005. Reelected in 1995.
  • Municipal councillor of Perigueux: 1989–2008. Reelected in 1995, 2001.

Agglomeration community Council

  • President of the Agglomeration community of Perigueux: 2000–2001.
  • Member of the Agglomeration community of Perigueux: 2000–2001.

3. Awards and honours

  • Xavier Darcos entered the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 2006, and the French Academy in 2013. He is also a commander of the Legion dHonneur, Officer of the National Order of Merit, Commander of the Academic palm and Commander of the Art and letter decoration.

4. Bibliography

  • Ovide et la mort, PUF, Coll. "Hors collection", 2009 ISBN 978-2-13-057818-5
  • Histoire de la litterature française, Hachette, 2013 ISBN 978-2-01-160932-8
  • Peut-on ameliorer lecole sans depenser plus?, avec Vincent Peillon, Magnard, 2009 ISBN 978-2210747852
  • LEtat et les Eglises, 1905–2005, 2005
  • Rene Haby par lui-même, en coll., INRP, 2009, ISBN 2-7342-1100-9
  • Virgile, notre vigie, Fayard, 2017, ISBN 978-2-213-70457-9
  • Bruno Neveu 1936-2004, Institut de France, 2007
  • Robert des grands ecrivains de langue française, with other writers
  • Approches ovidiennes de la mort, 1995
  • Dictionnaire amoureux de lEcole, Plon, 2016, ISBN 978-2-259-227599
  • Histoire de la litterature française, 1992
  • Merimee, 1998
  • Auguste et son siecle, Artlys, 2014, ISBN 978-2-85495-578-1
  • LArt dapprendre à ignorer, 2000
  • Une anthologie historique de la poesie française, PUF, coll. "Hors collection", 2010 ISBN 978-2-13-058506-0
  • Deux voix pour une ecole, 2004 with other writers
  • Dictionnaire des mythes feminins, 2002 with other writers
  • Dictionnaire amoureux de la Rome antique, Plon, 2011 ISBN 978-2-2592-1245-8
  • Oscar a toujours raison, Plon, 2013 ISBN 978-2-259-21069-0
  • LEcole de Jules Ferry, 2005 Prix Louis-Pauwels in 2006
  • LEtat et les Eglises, la question laïque, 2006
  • La escuela republicana en Francia, Prensas universitarias de Zaragoza, 2008 ISBN 978-84-92521-38-8
  • Jean-Pierre Angremy, dit Pierre-Jean Remy, Institut de France, 2015
  • Tacite, ses verites sont les notres, 2007
  • La Poesie française, Eyrolles, coll. "Mes passions", 2012 ISBN 978-2-212-55533-2
  • Lettre à tous ceux qui aiment lecole, 2003 en coll.
  • Lecole forme-t-elle encore des citoyens?, avec Aurelie Filippetti, Fremeaux & Associes, 2008