ⓘ Montezuma (Graun)


ⓘ Montezuma (Graun)

Montezuma is an opera seria in three acts by the German composer Carl Heinrich Graun. The libretto was written in French by Grauns patron, Frederick the Great, the King of Prussia, and turned into an Italian libretto by Giampetro Tagliazucchi.

The works plot concerns Hernan Cortess conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztec emperor Montezuma. It was first performed at the Konigliches Opernhaus Royal court opera in Berlin on 6 January 1755. The title role was originally performed by a castrato, but today is performed by either a male countertenor or a female mezzo-soprano. The seven roles are Erissena s, Eupaforice s, Montezuma ms, Tezeuco alto, Pilpatoe t, Narves t and Cortes b.


1. Performances and recordings

The U.S. premiere was given on 14 February 1973 by the Associate Artists Opera Company at the Cyclorama of the Boston Center for the Arts. Ernest Tripplett founder of the company sang the title role, supported by Richard Conrad, Mary Strebing, Wayne Riviera, Alexander Stevenson and Luther Enstad. John Minor conducted, with scenery by William Fregosi. Montezuma was performed in Montpellier in 1990 under Latham-Konig and in Edinburgh and Madrid in 2010 under Garrido, who made cuts, and it will be performed by Berlins Staatsoper at the Schiller Theater in January 2012, led by Michael Hofstetter.

The first studio recording of the complete opera was made in 1991 and released on the Capriccio label. It was conducted by Johannes Goritzki. Another complete recording had been made live the previous year in Montpellier and broadcast by Radio France. One of the 2010 Madrid performances was recorded, too, and later broadcast by Czech Radio and possibly other broadcasters. Extended highlights from the opera, without the character Narves, were recorded in 1966 by Decca: Lauris Elms in the title role, and Joan Sutherland, Elizabeth Harwood and Joseph Ward, conducted by Richard Bonynge.

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  • Other operas with Montezuma as the protagonist: Montezuma 1755 by Carl Heinrich Graun Motezuma 1771 by Josef Myslivecek Montezuma 1963 by Roger Sessions
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  • Duni L Olimpiade Baldassare Galuppi La diavolessa Carl Heinrich Graun Montezuma libretto by King Frederick the Great, composed 1754 first performed
  • others. In 1988 she performed the role of Eupaforice in Carl Heinrich Graun s Montezuma at the Spoleto Festival USA. After a 16 - year absence, she returned
  • Baronetage, 107th edition. Donal Henahan 27 May 1988 Review Opera Graun s Montezuma The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2010. Elanor Wilson. New
  • Passion cantata Ein Lammlein geht und tragt die Schuld by Carl Heinrich Graun Paolo Benedetto Bellinzani Madrigali a due, a tre, quattro, e cinque
  • recordings of operas such as Aura by Lavita, The Visitors by Chavez, Montezuma by Graun El Coyote y el Conejo by Rascado as well as pieces by Hilda Paredes
  • l amour et de la mer Elgar s Sea Pictures highlights from Carl Heinrich Graun s Montezuma title role Handel s Alcina with Joan Sutherland, Margreta Elkins
  • Singers, under Bryan Fairfax, live at the Royal Festival Hall, 1972 Graun Montezuma Pilpatoe Ambrosian Singers, London Philharmonic, under Richard Bonynge
  • Lorenzo Ferrero: La Conquista Carl Heinrich Graun Montezuma Henry Kimball Hadley: Azora, the Daughter of Montezuma Aniceto Ortega: Guatimotzin Wolfgang Rihm: