The Venice Film Festival or Venice International Film Festival is the oldest film festival in Europe and one of the "Big Three" film festivals, alongside the Cannes Film Festival and Berlin International Film Festival. The Big Three are internationally acclaimed for giving creators the artistic freedom to express themselves through film. Founded in Venice, Italy in August 1932, the festival is part of the Venice Biennale, one of the world oldest exhibitions of art, founded by the Venice City Council on 19 April 1893. The range of work at the Venice Biennale now covers Italian and internati ...
The Moscow Jewish Film Festival is an annual international film festival, which aims to gather in the program features, documentaries, shorts and animated films on the subject of Jewish culture, history and national identity and contemporary problems. In 2015, Moscow joined a list of cities that celebrate this festival.
The San Sebastian International Film Festival is an annual FIAPF A category film festival held in the Spanish city of Donostia-San Sebastian in September, in the Basque Country. Since its creation in 1953 it has established itself as one of the 14 "A" category competitive festivals accredited by the FIAPF, of which it has one of the lowest budgets. It has hosted several important events of the history of cinema, such as the international premieres of Vertigo, by Alfred Hitchcock who attended the Festival and the European premiere of Star Wars. It was the first festival attended by Roman Po ...
The Berlin International Film Festival, usually called the Berlinale, is a film festival held annually in Berlin, Germany. Founded in West Berlin in 1951, the festival has been held every February since 1978 and is one of the "Big Three" alongside the Venice Film Festival and Cannes Film Festival. Since 2019, Mariette Rissenbeek serves as the executive director of the festival, while Carlo Chatrian is the artistic director. With around 300.000 tickets sold and 500.000 admissions each year, it has the largest public attendance of any annual film festival. Up to 400 films are shown in severa ...
The Odesa International Film Festival is an annual film festival held in the middle of the July in Odesa, Ukraine. It was held for the first time 16 – 24 July 2010. Since 2016 festival program consists of three parts: International competition, National competition and European Documentary competition. National competition is divided into Features and Shorts. The festival is young. However, the organizers set before themselves a rather ambitious goal: to develop it into one of the leading film forums in Eastern Europe – The Cannes of Eastern Europe. The President of the festival is Viktori ...
International Rome Film Festival is a film festival that takes place in Rome, Italy, during the month of October. The actual complete name in Italian is Festa del Cinema di Roma. Even though it is quite a young festival, the importance of the hosting city as well as the strong economic investment has placed the Rome Film Festival among the most important film festivals in the world, with huge media coverage and world-famous artists in attendance. Besides, along with the festival, a film market called the Business Street is set up in the Via Veneto, well known due to the classic La Dolce Vi ...
ⓘ Film festival
A film festival is an organized, extended presentation of films in one or more cinemas or screening venues, usually in a single city or region. Increasingly, film festivals show some films outdoors. Films may be of recent date and, depending upon the festivals focus, can include international and domestic releases. Some festivals focus on a specific film-maker or genre or subject matter. A number of film festivals specialise in short films of a defined maximum length. Film festivals are typically annual events. Some film historians, including Jerry Beck, do not consider film festivals official releases of film.
The most prestigious film festivals in the world are generally considered to be Cannes, Berlin, and Venice. These festivals are sometimes called the "Big Three". The Toronto International Film Festival is North Americas most popular festival in terms of attendance; Time wrote it had "grown from its place as the most influential fall film festival to the most influential film festival, period". The Venice Film Festival is the oldest film festival in the world.
The Venice Film Festival in Italy began in 1932 and is the oldest film festival still running. Raindance Film Festival is the UKs largest celebration of independent filmmaking and takes place in London in October.
Mainland Europes biggest independent film festival is ECU The European Independent Film Festival, which started in 2006 and takes place every spring in Paris, France. Edinburgh International Film Festival is the longest-running festival in Great Britain as well as the longest continually running film festival in the world.
Australias first and longest-running film festival is the Melbourne International Film Festival 1952, followed by the Sydney Film Festival 1954.
North Americas first and longest running short film festival is the Yorkton Film Festival, established in 1947. The first film festival in the United States was the Columbus International Film & Video Festival, also known as The Chris Awards, held in 1953. According to the Film Arts Foundation in San Francisco, The Chris Awards is one of the most prestigious documentary, educational, business and informational competitions in the U.S; it is the oldest of its kind in North America and celebrating its 54th year". It was followed four years later by the San Francisco International Film Festival, held in March 1957, which emphasized feature-length dramatic films. The festival played a major role in introducing foreign films to American audiences. Films in the first year included Akira Kurosawas Throne of Blood and Satyajit Rays Pather Panchali.
Today, thousands of film festivals take place around the world - from high-profile festivals such as Sundance Film Festival and Slamdance Film Festival Park City, Utah, to horror festivals such as Terror Film Festival Philadelphia, and the Park City Film Music Festival, the first U.S. film festival dedicated to honoring music in film.
Film Funding competitions such as Writers and Filmmakers were introduced when the cost of production could be lowered significantly and internet technology allowed for the collaboration of film production.
2.1. Festival administration Business model
Although there are notable for-profit festivals such as SXSW, most festivals operate on a nonprofit membership-based model, with a combination of ticket sales, membership fees, and corporate sponsorship constituting the majority of revenue. Unlike other arts nonprofits, film festivals typically receive few donations from the general public and are occasionally organized as nonprofit business associations instead of public charities. Film industry members often have significant curatorial input, and corporate sponsors are given opportunities to promote their brand to festival audiences in exchange for cash contributions. Private parties, often to raise investments for film projects, constitute significant "fringe" events. Larger festivals maintain year-round staffs often engaging in community and charitable projects outside the festival season.
2.2. Festival administration Entry fee
While entries from established filmmakers are usually considered pluses by the organizers, most festivals require new or relatively unknown filmmakers to pay an entry fee to have their works considered for screening. This is especially so in larger film festivals, such as the Cannes Film Festival, Toronto International Film Festival, Sundance Film Festival, South by Southwest, Montreal World Film Festival, and even smaller "boutique" festivals such as the Miami International Film Festival, British Urban Film Festival in London and Mumbai Womens International Film Festival in India.
On the other hand, some festivals - usually those accepting fewer films, and perhaps not attracting as many "big names" in their audiences as do Sundance and Telluride - require no entry fee. Rotterdam Film Festival, Mumbai Film Festival, and many smaller film festivals in the United States, are examples.
The Portland International Film Festival charges an entry fee, but waives it for filmmakers from the Northwestern United States, and some others with regional focuses have similar approaches.
Several film festival submission portal websites exist to streamline filmmakers entries into multiple festivals. They provide databases of festival calls for entry and offer filmmakers a convenient "describe once, submit many" service.
2.3. Festival administration Screening out of competition
The core tradition of film festivals is competition, that is, the consideration of films with the intention of judging which are most deserving of various forms of recognition. In contrast to those films, some festivals may screen i.e., project onto a movie screen before an audience some films without treating them as part of the competition; the films are said to be "screened out." or "outside." "of competition".
3. Notable festivals
The three most prestigious film festivals are generally considered to be Berlin, Cannes, and Venice. These festivals are sometimes called the "Big Three". Polish director Krzysztof Kieslowskis Three Colours trilogy were each made for these festivals, with Blue for Venice, White for Berlin, and Red for Cannes.
In North America, the Toronto International Film Festival is North Americas most popular festival. The Seattle International Film Festival is credited as being the largest film festival in the US, regularly showing over 400 films in a month across the city. The Sundance Film Festival, Tribeca Film Festival, South by Southwest, New York Film Festival, Woodstock Film Festival, Montreal World Film Festival, and Vancouver International Film Festival are also major North American festivals.
3.1. Notable festivals Competitive feature films
The festivals in Berlin, Cairo, Cannes, Goa, Karlovy Vary, Locarno, Mar del Plata, Montreal, Moscow, San Sebastian, Shanghai, Tallinn, Tokyo, Venice, and Warsaw are accredited by the International Federation of Film Producers Associations FIAPF in the category of competitive feature films. As a rule for films to compete, they must first be released during the festivals and not in any other previous venue beforehand.
3.2. Notable festivals Experimental films
Ann Arbor Film Festival started in 1963. It is the oldest continually operated experimental film festival in North America, and has become one of the premiere film festivals for independent and, primarily, experimental filmmakers to showcase work.
3.3. Notable festivals Subject specific films
A few film festivals have focused on highlighting specific issues/ subjects. These festivals have included both mainstream and independent films. Some examples include military films, health-related film festivals and human rights films festivals.
There are festivals, especially in the US < that highlight and promote films made by or are about various ethnic groups and nationalities or feature the cinema from a specific foreign country. These include African-americans, Asian-Americans, Latino-Americans, Arabs, Italian, German, French, Palestinian and Native American. The Deauville American Film Festival in France is devoted to the cinema of the United States.
LGBTQ and Womens Film Festivals are also popular.
3.4. Notable festivals North american film festivals
The San Francisco International Film Festival, founded by Irving "Bud" Levin started in 1957, is the oldest continuously annual film festival in the United States. It highlights current trends in international filmmaking and video production with an emphasis on work that has not yet secured U.S. distribution.
The Toronto International Film Festival, founded by Bill Marshall, Henk Van der Kolk and Dusty Cohl, is regarded as North Americas most major and most prestigious film festival, and is the most widely attended.
The Sundance film festival founded by Sterling Van Wagenen then head of Wildwood, Robert Redfords company, John Earle, and Cirina Hampton Catania both serving on the Utah Film Commission at the time is a major festival for independent film.
The Woodstock Film Festival was launched in 2000 by filmmakers Meira Blaustein and Laurent Rejto with the goal to bring high quality independent film to the Hudson Valley region of New York. Indiewire has named the Woodstock Film Festival among the top 50 independent film festivals worldwide.
The Regina International Film Festival and awards RIFFA founded by John Thimothy, one of the top leading international film festivals in western Canada Regina, Saskatchewan represented 35 countries in 2018 festival. RIFFA annual Award show and red carpet arrival event is getting noticed in the contemporary film and fashion industries in Western Canada.
Torontos Hot Docs founded by filmmaker Paul Jay, is the leading North American documentary film festival. Toronto has the largest number of film festivals in the world, ranging from cultural, independent, and historic films.
The Seattle International Film Festival, which screens 270 features and approximately 150 short films, is the largest American film festival in terms of the number of feature productions.
3.5. Notable festivals Latin American
The Cartagena Film Festival, founded by Victor Nieto in 1960, is the oldest film festival in Latin America. The Festival de Gramado or Gramado Film Festival Gramado, Brazil, along with the Guadalajara International Film Festival in Guadalajara, the Morelia International Film Festival in Morelia, Michoacan Mexico, and the Los Cabos International Film Festival founded by Scott Cross film director, Sean Cross, and Eduardo Sanchez Navarro, in Los Cabos Baja Sur Mexico are considered the most important film festivals of Latin America. In 2015, Variety called the Los Cabos International Film Festival the "Cannes of Latin America". The Huelva Ibero-American Film Festival has been held since 1975 in that Spanish city.
The Expresion en Corto International Film Festival is the largest competitive film festival in Mexico. It specializes in emerging talent, and is held in the last week of each July in the two colonial cities of San Miguel de Allende and Guanajuato. Oaxaca Film Fest. For Spanish-speaking countries, the Dominican International Film Festival takes place annually in Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic. The Valdivia International Film Festival is held annually in the city of Valdivia. It is arguable the most important film festival in Chile. There is also Filmambiente, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, an international festival on environmental films and videos.
3.6. Notable festivals The Caribbean
The Havana Film Festival was founded in 1979 and is the oldest continuous annual film festival in the Caribbean. Its focus is on Latin American cinema.
The Trinidad and Tobago Film Festival, founded in 2006, is dedicated to screening the newest films from the English-, Spanish, French- and Dutch-speaking Caribbean, as well as the regions diaspora. It also seeks to facilitate the growth of Caribbean cinema by offering a wide-ranging industry programme and networking opportunities.
The Lusca Fantastic Film Fest formerly Puerto Rico Horror Film Fest was also founded in 2006 and is the first and only international fantastic film festival in the Caribbean devoted to Sci-Fi, Thriller, Fantasy, Dark Humor, Bizarre, Horror, Anime, Adventure, Virtual Reality and Animation in Short and Feature Films.
3.7. Notable festivals Animation
Many film festivals are dedicated exclusively to animation.
- Hiroshima f. 1985
- Zagreb f. 1972
- KROK f. 1989
- Annecy International Animated Film Festival f. 1960 - the oldest
- Animac f. 1996
- Anima Mundi f. 1992
- Ottawa f. 1976
A variety of regional festivals happen in various countries. Austin Film Festival is accredited by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, which makes all their jury award-winning narrative short and animated short films eligible for an Academy Award.
3.8. Notable festivals India
The International Film Festival of India, organized by the government of India, was founded in 1952. The Kolkata International Film Festival, founded in 1995, is the third oldest international film festival in India. The International Film Festival of Kerala organised by Government of Kerala held annually at Thiruvananthapuram is acknowledged as one of the leading cultural events in Indian.
The International Documentary and Short Film Festival of Kerala IDSFFK, hosted by the Kerala State Chalachitra Academy, is a major documentary and short film festival.
Other notable festivals in India include the Osians-Cinefan: Festival of Asian Cinema at New Delhi, which recently expanded to include Arab Cinema, Chennai Womens International Film Festival CWIFF, the Annual Mumbai Film Festival in India, with its US$200.000 cash prize www.mumbaifilmfest.com, and Mumbai Womens International Film Festival MWIFF, an annual film festival in Mumbai featuring films made by women directors and women technicians.
3.9. Notable festivals Others
Notable festivals include the Hong Kong International Film Festival HKIFF, Busan International Film Festival BIFF, and Kathmandu International Mountain Film Festival.
3.10. Notable festivals African festivals
There are several significant film festivals held regularly in Africa. The biannual Panafrican Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou FESPACO in Burkina Faso was established in 1969 and accepts for competition only films by African filmmakers and chiefly produced in Africa. The annual Durban International Film Festival in South Africa and Zanzibar International Film Festival in Tanzania have grown in importance for the film and entertainment industry, as they often screen the African premieres of many international films.
The Sahara International Film Festival, held annually in the Sahrawi refugee camps in western Algeria near the border of Western Sahara, is notable as the only film festival in the world to take place in a refugee camp. The festival has the two-fold aim of providing cultural entertainment and educational opportunities to refugees, and of raising awareness of the plight of the Sahrawi people, who have been exiled from their native Western Sahara for more than three decades.
3.11. Notable festivals European festivals
The most important European film festivals are Venice Film Festival late summer to early autumn, Cannes Film Festival late spring to early summer and Berlin International Film Festival late winter to early spring, founded in 1932, 1946 and 1951 respectively. They are also considered the three most prestigious film festivals in the world.