ⓘ Alfaião

                                     

ⓘ Alfaião

Located in the central part of the municipality of Bragança, it was located a dozen of kilometres southeast of the Roman castro of Brigantina. The settlement had its beginnings in a local castro that existed during the Iron Age. In 1758, metallic objects were discovered in the remnants of a building, referred to as the castle by the locals. A later historian suggested that the castle was of Roman origin, owing to the discovery of old military implements from that period. The same author also alluded to a second fortification "in top of the mountain.there was an old ancient Castle, and it can still be seen the bowls used there." Similar references were echoed by the Abbot of Baçal and other investors, who confirmed the existence of two different settlements in Alfaião: Castelo das Freiras and Alto da Veiga or also Vale de Castro.

Some links Alfaiãos reason to exist, and the parish was only mentioned in documents in the mid-13th century. One of the entries dated Inquirições administrative inventory 1258 ordered Afonso III include a reference to the "parrochia Sancti Martini de Alfayãa", on lands near the town of Braganca. Further references are sketchy, indicating that during the reign of king Sancho I of parishioners Alfaião have developed their community in parallel with the growth and development of Braganza. After the creation of the diocese of Miranda do Douro, in the local Church of são Martinho falls under the power of the Church in the diocese had not yet been extinguished and the clergy passed SE in Bragnaça. At that time it had 70 inhabitants.

The parish had its own local magistrate, subordinate to the superior judges and the government of bragança since 1775. The local community was the local postal administration, and a visitor from the University in Coimbra relates to the community at least 30 houses.

                                     
  • Semelhe Sequeira Sobreposta Tadim Tebosa Tenões Trandeiras Vilaça Vimieiro Alfaião Aveleda Babe Baçal Santa Maria Se Calvelhe Carragosa Carrazedo Castrelos
  • on the military road to Astorga, although there are many examples in Alfaião Aveleda, Carrazedo, Castro de Avelãs, Donai, França, Gostei, Meixedo