ⓘ Category:Criminology

Criminology

Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, extent, management, causes, control, consequences, and prevention of criminal behaviour, both on individual and social levels. Criminology is an interdisciplinary field in both the behavioural and social sciences, which draws primarily upon the research of sociologists, psychologists, philosophers, psychiatrists, biologists, social anthropologists, as well as scholars of law. The term criminology was coined in 1885 by Italian law professor Raffaele Garofalo as Criminologia. Later, French anthropologist Paul Topinard used the analogous Fren ...

Index of criminology articles

acquittal – addiction – age of consent – age of criminal responsibility – aging offender – allocute – alloplastic adaptation – American Academy of Forensic Sciences – animal abuse – animus nocendi – anomie theory – answer law – anthropometry – antisocial behaviour order – antisocial personality disorder – arson – ASBO – asocial personality – assault – assault causing bodily harm – assault occasioning actual bodily harm – asset forfeiture – automatism – autoplastic adaptation – autopsy

Acting out

In the psychology of defense mechanisms and self-control, Acting out is performing an action considered bad, anti-social. In general usage, the action performed is destructive to self or to others. The term is used in this way in sexual addiction treatment, psychotherapy, criminology and parenting. In contrast, the opposite attitude or behaviour of bearing and managing the impulse to perform ones impulse is called acting in. The performed action may follow impulses of an addiction e.g. drinking, drug taking or shoplifting. It may also be a means designed often unconsciously or semi-conscio ...

Age of onset (criminology)

Age of onset is a term that is used in criminology in reference to the age at which the offense of a crime is first committed by a specific person.

Agent provocateur

An agent provocateur is a person who commits or who acts to entice another person to commit an illegal or rash act or falsely implicate them in partaking in an illegal act, so as to ruin the reputation or entice legal action against the target or a group they belong to. An agent provocateur may be a member of a law enforcement agency acting out of their own sense of duty or under orders, or other entity. They may target any group, such as a peaceful protest or demonstration, a union, a political party or a company. Prevention of infiltration by agents provocateurs is part of the duty of de ...

Aging offender

An aging offender or an elderly offender is an individual over the age of 55 who breaks the law or is in prison. The numbers of elderly individuals breaking the law and being placed in prison is increasing, and presents a number of problems for correctional facilities in terms of health care and provision, as well as mental, social and physical health and healthcare issues for the inmates themselves. Incarceration also tends to accelerate the aging process.