ⓘ Epiretinal membrane

                                     

ⓘ Epiretinal membrane

Epiretinal membrane is a disease of the eye in response to changes in the vitreous humor or more rarely, diabetes. Sometimes, as a result of immune system response to protect the retina, cells converge in the macular area as the vitreous ages and pulls away in posterior vitreous detachment. PVD can create minor damage to the retina, stimulating exudate, inflammation, and leucocyte response. These cells can form a transparent layer gradually and, like all scar tissue, tighten to create tension on the retina which may bulge and pucker, or even cause swelling or macular edema. Often this results in distortions of vision that are clearly visible as bowing and blurring when looking at lines on chart paper within the macular area, or central 1.0 degree of visual arc. Usually it occurs in one eye first, and may cause binocular diplopia or double vision if the image from one eye is too different from the image of the other eye. The distortions can make objects look different in size, especially in the central portion of the visual field, creating a localized or field dependent aniseikonia that cannot be fully corrected optically with glasses. Partial correction often improves the binocular vision considerably though. In the young, these cells occasionally pull free and disintegrate on their own, but in the majority of sufferers the condition is permanent. The underlying photoreceptor cells, rod cells and cone cells, are usually not damaged unless the membrane becomes quite thick and hard, so usually there is no macular degeneration.

                                     
  • the retina, particularly the macula e.g. macular degeneration, Epiretinal membrane as well as the optic nerve and the visual pathway to the brain
  • the U.S. a 1995 album by British band Selector Macular pucker or epiretinal membrane an ocular disease Pucker album a 2013 album by jazz drummer Scott
  • Approach. 6th edition 2007. Handbook of Ocular Disease Management: Epiretinal membrane Archived 2008 - 04 - 28 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2008 - 05 - 14
  • protein family Effects range median Emotion - in - relationships model Epiretinal membrane Epithelial cell rests of Malassez Entity relationship model European
  • complex partial epilepsy, and to different retinal conditions, such as epiretinal membrane Physiologically, retinal macropsia results from the compression
  • detachment, glaucoma, band keratopathy, cataract, vitreous hemorrhage, epiretinal membrane and choroidal neovascularization. Clinical signs include redness
  • with jets of fluid. This layer of unhealthy tissue is called an epiretinal membrane and it can occur in anyone, but is more likely to occur in the elderly
  • development of PVR. COX - 2 expression was found in human idiopathic epiretinal membranes Phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenase blocking reduced structural
  • Persistent pupillary membrane PPM is a condition of the eye involving remnants of a fetal membrane that persist as strands of tissue crossing the pupil