National cinema is a term sometimes used in film theory and film criticism to describe the films associated with a specific nation-state. Although there is little relatively written on theories of national cinema it has an irrefutably important role in globalization. Film provides a unique window to other cultures, particularly where the output of a nation or region is high. Countries like South K ..
The cinema of Armenia was born on April 16, 1923, when the Armenian State Committee of Cinema was established by government decree. The first Armenian film with Armenian subject called "Haykakan Sinema" was produced in 1912 in Cairo by Armenian-Egyptian publisher Vahan Zartarian. The film was premiered in Cairo on March 13, 1913. In March 1924, the first Armenian film studio: Armenfilm Armenian: Հայֆիլմ "Hayfilm," Russian: Арменкино "Armenkino" was established in Yerevan, starting with Soviet Armenia 1924, an Armenian documentary film. Namus was the first Armenian silent black-and-white fi ...
African cinema is film production in Africa. It dates back to the early 20th century, when film reels were the primary cinematic technology in use. During the colonial era, African life was shown only by the work of white, colonial, Western filmmakers, who depicted blacks in a negative fashion, as exotic "others". There is no one single African cinema; there are differences between North African and Sub-Saharan cinema, and between the cinemas of different countries. The cinema of Egypt is one of the oldest in the world. Auguste and Louis Lumiere screened their films in Alexandria and Cairo ...
The cinema of Bahrain is small as its lacks support from the government and the private sector. There are many short films produced by individual filmmakers, and about five feature films in Bahrains history. There are a number of theaters in Bahrain showing a mix of Indian, American and Arabic movies. Bahrain also has a cinema club established in 1980, and the Bahraini Film Production Company, established in 2006 to support the Bahraini film industry.
The Cinema of Belarus began on 17 December 1924 with the creation by decree of what later became Belarusfilm studio. The studio was moved to Minsk in 1939. Film production was interrupted by World War II, and restarted in 1946, when the studio assumed its current name. Most of the output has been in Russian rather than Belarusian. Belarusfilm is also a co-organizer of the Listapad film festival held in Minsk, Belarus in November.
Cinema of Belgium refers to the film industry based in Belgium. Belgium is essentially a bi-lingual country divided into the Flemish north and the French-speaking south. There is also a small community of German speakers in the border region with Germany. Belgium is further a federal country made up of three regions and three language communities, the French Community and the German-speaking Community). Due to these linguistic and political divisions it is difficult to speak of a national, unified Cinema of Belgium. It would be more appropriate to talk about Flemish or Dutch-language cinem ...
Bulgarian cinema is known for pioneering in world-wide animated films, such as the works of Donyo Donev. The start of Bulgarian cinematography is often marked by Vasil Gendovs film Bulgarian is a Gallant. From 1915 to 1948, 55 new films were produced, but limited after the beginning of World War II. Notable Bulgarian film directors are Rangel Vulchanov, Christo Christov, Georgi Djulgerov, and more recently Nadejda Koseva, Luchezar Avramov, and Dimitar Dimitrov.
Because Bosnia and Herzegovina was part of Yugoslavia prior to its independence in 1992, all movies produced there were Yugoslavian movies. After the war, Bosnian cinema became the most awarded in the region. Some of the internationally acclaimed and multiple award-winning screenwriters, directors and producers include: Zlatko Topcic, Danis Tanovic, Dino Mustafic, Ahmed Imamovic, Ademir Kenovic, Jasmila Zbanic, Pjer Zalica, Aida Begic, Adis Bakrac, etc.
Brazilian cinema was introduced early in the 20th century but took some time to consolidate itself as a popular form of entertainment. The film industry of Brazil has gone through periods of ups and downs, a reflection of its dependency on state funding and incentives.
The cinema of Burkina Faso is one of the more significant in Africa, with a history that spans several decades and includes the production of many award-winning films.
The cinema of Bhutan is a small but emerging industry, having started in the mid-1990s. It has since been supported by government officials and different businesses. Bhutans film industry is highly influenced by neighboring Indias Bollywood, with most Bhutanese films being adaptations of Indian ones or based on the Bollywood format. In the 21st century there have been calls by local filmmakers for a tilt towards originality in Bhutanese cinema. Many films have started to blend Indian cinema with local Buddhist teachings and traditions, and Bollywood films are now rarely seen in Bhutanese c ...