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Atrocities in the Congo Free State

In the period from 1885 to 1908, many well-documented atrocities were perpetrated in the Congo Free State which, at the time, was a colony under the personal rule of King Leopold II of the Belgians. These atrocities were particularly associated w ...

Hassan bin Attash

Hassan Mohammed Ali bin Attash is a citizen of Saudi Arabia, held by the United States in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp in Cuba.Joint Task Force Guantanamo counter-terrorism analysts estimate that bin Attash was born in 1985, in Jeddah, Saudi ...

Auschwitz concentration camp

The Auschwitz concentration camp was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II and the Holocaust. It consisted of Auschwitz I, the main camp in Oswiecim; Auschwitz I ...

The Aversion Project

The Aversion Project was a medical torture program in South Africa led by Dr. Aubrey Levin during apartheid. The project identified gay soldiers as conscripts who used drugs in the South African Defence Forces. Victims were forced to submit to "c ...

Vedat Aydın

He was the head of the Diyarbakir branch of the Turkish Human Rights Association IHD and the Peoples Labor Party and faced trial for delivering a speech in Kurdish language during the IHD annual meeting in October 1990. During the time the speech ...

Bad Nenndorf interrogation centre

The Bad Nenndorf interrogation centre was a British Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Centre in the town of Bad Nenndorf, Germany, which operated from June 1945 to July 1947. Allegations of mistreatment of detainees by British troops resul ...

Bani Walid detention camp

The Bani Walid detention camp is a secret prison in northwest Libya near the town of Bani Walid. Prisoners at the center often come from subsaharan Africa en route to Europe, and include adolescents and women. In order to extort their families, d ...

Wouter Basson

Wouter Basson is a South African cardiologist and former head of the countrys secret chemical and biological warfare project, Project Coast, during the apartheid era. Nicknamed "Dr. Death" by the press for his alleged actions in apartheid South A ...

Battalion 3-16 (Honduras)

Intelligence Battalion 3–16 or Battallon 316, Special Investigations Branch, Intelligence Battalion 3–16, Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence Branch) was the name of a Honduran army unit responsible for carrying out political assassinations and ...

The Black Book of Communism

The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression is a 1997 book by Stephane Courtois, Nicolas Werth, Andrzej Paczkowski and several other European academics documenting a history of political repressions by Communist states, including geno ...

Black site

In military terminology, a black site is a location at which an unacknowledged black operation or black project is conducted. It can refer to the facilities that are controlled by the CIA and used by the U.S. government in its War on Terror to de ...

Blackboards (Soviet policies)

Black boards - synonymous with "boards of infamy", were an element of agitation-propaganda in the Soviet Union, and especially Ukraine in the 1930s, coinciding with the Holodomor, the artificial famine imposed by the Soviet regime as part of a po ...

Blood cashews

Blood cashews is the media term for a 2011 Human Rights Watch report on cashew production in Vietnam, The Rehab Archipelago, which claimed human rights abuses in the use of people in drug-detention centres. Vietnam is known as the worlds largest ...

Blood diamond

Blood diamonds are diamonds mined in a war zone and sold to finance an insurgency, an invading armys war efforts, or a warlords activity. The term is used to highlight the negative consequences of the diamond trade in certain areas, or to label a ...

Body cavity search

A body cavity search, also known simply as a cavity search, is either a visual search or a manual internal inspection of body cavities for prohibited materials, such as illegal drugs, money, jewelry, or weapons. Body cavities used for concealment ...

Hadj Boudella

Hadj Boudella is a citizen of Bosnia who was wrongfully detained for over six years in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. He was born in Algeria, moved to Bosnia, married Nada Dizdarevic a Bosnian woman, and became a Bosn ...

Bride kidnapping

Bride kidnapping, also known as bridenapping, marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry. Bride kidnapping has been practiced around the world and throughout history. It continu ...

Ebb Cade

Ebb Cade was a construction worker at Clinton Engineer Works at Oak Ridge, and an unwilling participant in the first human injection experiments with plutonium. Ebb Cade was born on 17 March 1890 in Macon County, Georgia, the son of Evens and Car ...

Camp 1391

Camp 1391 or Unit 1391 or Facility 1391 was an Israel Defense Forces prison camp in northern Israel for "high-risk" prisoners. It was run by Unit 504. The existence of the prison was unknown to the public before 2003, and most information about i ...

Camp Bucca

Camp Bucca was a detention facility maintained by the United States military in the vicinity of Umm Qasr, Iraq. After being taken over by the U.S. military in April 2003, it was renamed after Ronald Bucca, a NYC fire marshal who died in the 11 Se ...

Camp Cropper

Camp Cropper was a holding facility for security detainees operated by the United States Army near Baghdad International Airport in Iraq. The facility was initially operated as a high-value detention site, but has since been expanded increasing i ...

Camp Nama

Camp Nama was a military base in Baghdad, Iraq, originally built by the government of Saddam Hussein, from which its name derives, and now used by Iraqi military forces. Purportedly, the original Iraqi name has been repurposed by U.S. personnel i ...

Timeline of the Canadian Afghan detainee issue

The Canadian Security Intelligence Service starting playing a role in the interrogation of Afghans captured by Canadian Forces in 2006. On April 5, 2006, during the first question period of the 39th Parliament New Democratic Party NDP Defence Cri ...

Capital punishment in North Korea

Capital punishment is form of punishment in North Korea, allegedly for many offences, such as grand theft, murder, rape, drug smuggling, treason, espionage, political dissidence, defection, piracy, consumption of media not approved by the governm ...

Chetnik war crimes in World War II

Chetnik war crimes in World War II were primarily directed towards the non-Serbian population of Yugoslavia, and Communist-led Yugoslav Partisans and their supporters. Since their establishment in 1903, Chetniks had been instrumental to the natio ...

Child harvesting

Child harvesting refers to the systematic sale of human children, typically for adoption by families in the developed world, but sometimes for other purposes, including trafficking. The term covers a wide variety of situations and degrees of econ ...

Child soldiers in the Central African Republic

As many as 10.000 children were used by armed groups in the armed conflict in the Central African Republic between 2012 and 2015, and as of 2016 the problem persists nationwide. The mainly Muslim" Seleka” coalition of armed groups and the predomi ...

Chinese Land Reform

The Chinese Land Reform Movement, also known by the Chinese abbreviation Tǔgǎi, was a campaign by the Communist Party leader Mao Zedong during the late phase of the Chinese Civil War and the early Peoples Republic of China. The campaign involved ...

Human rights violations by the CIA

This article deals with the activities of the Central Intelligence Agency, an agency of the Federal government of the United States, that violate human rights.

Civilian casualties

Civilian casualties occurs in a general sense, when civilians are killed or injured by non-civilians, mostly law enforcement officers, military personnel, or criminals such as terrorists and bank robbers. Under the law of war, it is referred to c ...

Compulsory sterilization

Compulsory sterilization, also known as forced or coerced sterilization, is a term used for government-mandated programs which bring about sterilization of people. Several countries implemented sterilization programs in the early 20th century. Al ...

Conflict in the Niger Delta

The current conflict in the Niger Delta first arose in the early 1990s over tensions between foreign oil corporations and a number of the Niger Deltas minority ethnic groups who feel they are being exploited, particularly the Ogoni and the Ijaw. ...

Congo Free State

The Congo Free State, also known as the Independent State of the Congo, was a large state in Central Africa from 1885 to 1908. It was ruled personally by Leopold II and not by the government of Belgium, of which he was the constitutional monarch. ...

Corporate accountability for human rights violations

Holding corporations accountable for either direct conduct or complicity for human rights violations has become an increasing area of attention in promoting human rights. Multinational corporations in particular have been singled out as important ...

Jan Coucke and Pieter Goethals

Jan Coucke and Pieter Goethals were two Flemings who were sentenced to death for murder in 1860 at a time Belgium was legally only French-speaking, though the majority of the citizens spoke Dutch, and only the official language was acknowledged b ...

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices are annual publications on the human rights conditions in countries and regions outside the United States, mandated by U.S. law to be submitted annually by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor ...

Cristero War

The Cristero War or the Cristero Rebellion, also known as La Cristiada, was a widespread struggle in central-western Mexico in response to the imposition of secularist and anti-clerical articles of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico, which were perc ...

Cruel and unusual punishment

Cruel and unusual punishment is a phrase describing punishment that is considered unacceptable due to the suffering, pain, or humiliation it inflicts on the person subjected to the sanction. There are several considerations that serve as a guide ...

Cummins Unit

The Cummins Unit is an Arkansas Department of Correction prison in unincorporated Lincoln County, Arkansas, United States, in the Arkansas Delta region. It is located along U.S. Route 65, near Grady, Gould, and Varner, 28 miles south of Pine Bluf ...

Danube–Black Sea Canal

The Danube–Black Sea Canal is a navigable canal in Romania, which runs from Cernavoda, on the Danube river, to Constanța, and to Navodari, on the Black Sea. Administrated from Agigea, it is an important part of the European canal system that link ...

Death of a Princess

Death of a Princess is a British 1980 drama-documentary produced by ATV in cooperation with WGBH in the United States. The drama is based on the true story of Princess Mishaal, a young Saudi Arabian princess and her lover who had been publicly ex ...

Dekulakization

Dekulakization was the Soviet campaign of political repressions, including arrests, deportations, and executions of millions of kulaks and their families in the 1929–1932 period of the first five-year plan. To facilitate the expropriations of far ...

Densho: The Japanese American Legacy Project

Densho is a nonprofit organization based in Seattle, Washington whose mission is" to preserve and share history of the WWII incarceration of Japanese Americans to promote equity and justice today.” Densho collects video oral histories, photos, do ...

Deportations of the Ingrian Finns

Deportations of the Ingrian Finns were a series of mass deportations of the Ingrian Finnish population by Soviet authorities. Deportations took place from the late 1920s to the end of World War II.

Direccion de Inteligencia Nacional

The Direccion de Inteligencia Nacional or DINA was the Chilean secret police in the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, and has been called Pinochets Gestapo. The DINA was established in November 1973 as a Chilean Army intelligence unit headed by C ...

Dirty War

The Dirty War is the name used by the military junta or civic-military dictatorship of Argentina for the period of United States-backed state terrorism in Argentina from 1976 to 1983 as a part of Operation Condor, during which military and securi ...

DOI-CODI

The Departamento de Operações de Informações - Centro de Operações de Defesa Interna was the Brazilian intelligence and repression agency during the military government. This period started on March 31, 1964 with the removal of the civilian gover ...

Drone strikes in Pakistan

Since 2004, the United States government has attacked thousands of targets in Northwest Pakistan using unmanned aerial vehicles operated by the United States Air Force under the operational control of the Central Intelligence Agencys Special Acti ...

El Calabozo massacre

The El Calabozo massacre was an incident during the Salvadoran Civil War on 21–22 August 1982, in which more than two hundred people, including children and elderly, were reportedly killed at El Calabozo by the Atlacatl Battalion of the Salvadora ...

El Mozote massacre

The El Mozote Massacre took place in and around the village of El Mozote, in Morazan department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981 when the Salvadoran Army killed more than 800 civilians during the Salvadoran Civil War. The El Mozote massacre was ...