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Field sobriety testing

Field Sobriety Tests, also referred to as Standardized Field Sobriety Tests, are a battery of tests used by police officers to determine if a person suspected of impaired driving is intoxicated with alcohol or other drugs. FSTs are primarily used ...

Hip flask defence

In places like the United Kingdom, a hip flask defence is a defence to an allegation of drunk driving that a driver had consumed alcohol between the time of a vehicular offence, such as an accident, and a breathalyser test, so that a positive res ...

Charles A. Hurley

Hurley has BA in Political Science from Dickinson College 1967. He was a US naval intelligence officer in Taipei, Taiwan, working as a Sino-Soviet analyst 1968–70, then was the special assistant to the mayor of Wilmington, Delaware 1970–71. He wo ...

Ignition interlock device

An ignition interlock device or breath alcohol ignition interlock device is a breathalyzer for an individuals vehicle. It requires the driver to blow into a mouthpiece on the device before starting or continuing to operate the vehicle. If the res ...

Intoxalock

Intoxalock, is the primary DBA of Consumer Safety Technology, LLC, which developed technology used by ignition interlock devices, which are breathalyzers installed in vehicles. They are based in Des Moines, Iowa, United States. The devices are me ...

Ash Kalra

Ash Kalra is an American politician serving in the California State Assembly. He is a Democrat representing the 27th Assembly District, encompassing parts of eastern San Jose. Kalra is the first Indian-American to serve in the California State Le ...

Leandra's Law

Leandras Law is a New York State law making it an automatic felony on the first offense to drive drunk with a person age 15 or younger inside the vehicle, and setting the blood alcohol content, or BAC, at 0.08. The bill was unanimously passed by ...

MADD Canada

MADD Canada is the Canadian arm of Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Its stated purpose is to stop impaired driving and to support victims. MADD Canada operates public awareness and education programs which focus on stopping impaired driving. Local ...

Lisa Matsumoto

Lisa Matsumoto was a playwright and childrens author in Hawaii. Her use of Hawaiian Pidgin in her works propelled her to her status as one of the states most popular resident playwrights.

Kayla Mendoza

Kayla Mendoza is an American woman who was sentenced to 24 years in prison in 2015 after being convicted of killing two women while driving drunk in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, on November 17, 2013. She was 20 years old and not licensed to drive at ...

Michigan Department of State Police v. Sitz

Michigan Dept. of State Police v. Sitz, 496 U.S. 444, was a United States Supreme Court case involving the constitutionality of police sobriety checkpoints. The Court held 6-3 that these checkpoints met the Fourth Amendment standard of "reasonabl ...

Darren Millane

Darren "Pants" Millane was an Australian rules football player in the VFL/AFL for the Collingwood Football Club between 1984 and 1991.

Mothers Against Drunk Driving

Mothers Against Drunk Driving is a nonprofit organization in the United States and Canada that seeks to stop drunk driving, support those affected by drunk driving, prevent underage drinking, and strive for stricter impaired driving policy, wheth ...

Motorized recliner incident

In October 2009, Dennis LeRoy Anderson of Proctor, Minnesota received widespread media attention for being arrested in a DWI case involving a motorized recliner. Riding a recliner which he had earlier fitted with a lawnmower engine, Anderson cras ...

National College for DUI Defense

The National College for DUI Defense is a professional, non-profit corporation dedicated to the improvement of the criminal defense bar, and to the dissemination of information to the public about drunk driving law and related issues. With almost ...

2015 Oklahoma State University homecoming parade crash

The 2015 Oklahoma State University homecoming parade crash was a vehicle collision that occurred on October 24, 2015, in Stillwater, Oklahoma, when a driver drove into a crowd watching the homecoming parade for Oklahoma State University–Stillwate ...

Ontario Students Against Impaired Driving

Ontario Students Against Impaired Driving is an anti-impaired driving initiative which is found across the province of Ontario, Canada, aimed primarily at youth involvement in combating impaired driving. It was founded in 1987 and encourages the ...

Operation Nez rouge

Operation Nez rouge, founded in 1984, is an escorting service offered in Quebec and several francophone countries, as well as other places in Canada using both the French name and Operation Red Nose during the Christmas holiday season.

Random checkpoint

A random checkpoint is a military and police tactic. In a military context, checkpoints involve the setup of a hasty roadblock by mobile truck- or armored vehicle-mounted infantry to disrupt unauthorized or unwanted movement or military activity ...

Reduce Impaired Driving Everywhere

Reduce Impaired Driving Everywhere or RIDE is a sobriety testing program used by police in Ontario, Canada. The program began in 1977 as Reduce Impaired Driving in Etobicoke and the success of the program led to the expansion across the province ...

Jacqueline Saburido

Jacqueline Saburido was a Venezuelan activist and burn survivor who campaigned against drunk driving. After a car crash in 1999 Saburido received burns on 60% of her body; she went on to appear in drunk-driving ads and was twice a guest on The Op ...

2009 Singapore Romanian diplomat incident

The Singapore Romanian diplomat incident occurred on 15 December 2009, when three pedestrians were struck in a hit-and-run in the Singapore suburb of Bukit Panjang. The vehicle, a black Audi A6 bearing diplomatic license plates, was later identif ...

Smart Start, Inc.

Smart Start, Inc. is a Texas company that provides services and technologies that prevent intoxicated drivers from operating a vehicle. Smart Start, Inc. manufactures, installs, monitors and services the ignition interlock devices. In almost all ...

SR-22 (insurance)

In the United States, an SR-22 is a vehicle liability insurance document required by most state Department of Motor Vehicles offices for "high-risk" insurance policies. A DMV may require an SR-22 from a driver to reinstate his or her driving priv ...

Students Against Destructive Decisions

Students Against Destructive Decisions, formerly Students Against Driving Drunk is an organization whose aim is to prevent accidents from students taking potentially destructive decisions.

2009 Taconic State Parkway crash

The 2009 Taconic State Parkway crash was a traffic collision that occurred shortly after 1:30 p.m. on Sunday, July 26, 2009, on the Taconic State Parkway in the town of Mount Pleasant, near the village of Briarcliff Manor, New York. Eight people ...

Lawrence Eric Taylor

Lawrence Eric Taylor is an American attorney and author. A graduate of the University of California, Berkeley and UCLA School of Law, Taylor was a public defender and criminal prosecutor in Los Angeles County before entering private practice. He ...

Tilden Rent-A-Car Co v Clendenning

Tilden Rent-A-Car Co. v. Clendenning, 83 DLR 400 is a leading Canadian contract law decision from the Court of Appeal for Ontario on standard form contracts. The Court held that a party can only be bound to a signed standard form contract when it ...

Alcohol-related traffic crashes in the United States

Alcohol-related traffic crashes are defined by the United States National Highway Traffic Safety Administration as alcohol-related if either a driver or a non-motorist had a measurable or estimated BAC of 0.01 g/dl or above. This statistic includ ...

2011 Iranian embezzlement scandal

The 3.000 billion toman embezzlement in Iran was a fraud involving the use of forged documents to obtain credit from at least seven Iranian state and private banks to purchase state-owned companies. The fraud reportedly extended over a four-year ...

Bazeley's Case

Bazeleys Case, 2 East P.C. 571, is an English criminal case that gave rise to Parliament creating the crime of embezzlement. Bazeley was a bank teller who took money from a depositor and applied it to pay a bill of Bazeleys own business. The cour ...

Hotesur scandal

The Hotesur scandal took place in Argentina in 2014. Hotesur is a firm that administers the hotels in El Calafate that belong to Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner and her family. Initially, it was suspected of not paying taxes, but the investigation ...

Iran Insurance embezzlement case

Iran Insurance embezzlement case refers to an embezzlement in government-owned Iran Insurance Company, publicized in November 2010. Key figures behind the corruption were a group of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad Cabinets statesmen known as "Fatemi Circle". ...

James v. United States (1961)

James v. United States, 366 U.S. 213, was a case in which the United States Supreme Court held that the receipt of money obtained by a taxpayer illegally was taxable income, even though the law might require the taxpayer to repay the ill-gotten g ...

Lost Trillion Case

The Lost Trillion Case, also known as the Missing Trillion Case, was an embezzlement scandal in Turkey involving the use of forged documents by the Welfare Party executives to prevent the return of Treasury grants in amount of around one trillion ...

Rhode Island banking crisis

The Rhode Island banking crisis took place in the early 1990s, when approximately a third of the US state of Rhode Islands population lost access to funds in their bank accounts. The events were triggered by the failure of a Providence bank, Heri ...

The Route of the K-Money

The Route of the K-Money was a 2013 political scandal in Argentina. It began with reports on the Periodismo para todos television program on the results of its investigation, led by journalist Jorge Lanata. Embezzlement and an associated money tr ...

Murder of Selena

Selena Quintanilla-Perez was an American singer who achieved international fame as a member of Selena y Los Dinos and for her subsequent solo career in both Spanish and English. Her father and manager, Abraham Quintanilla Jr, appointed Yolanda Sa ...

Stavisky Affair

The Stavisky Affair was a 1934 financial scandal in France by embezzler Alexandre Stavisky. It had political ramifications for the French Radical Socialist moderate government of the day because the prime minister had protected Stavisky, who sudd ...

Swartwout–Hoyt scandal

It is believed that Swartwouts story is the origin of the term "Swartwouted out", which has since come to define the embezzlement of a large sum of money from the United States government and subsequent escape to a foreign nation to escape punish ...

Commissioner v. Wilcox

Commissioner v. Wilcox, 327 U.S. 404, was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. The issue presented in this case was whether embezzled money constituted taxable income to the embezzler under § 22a of the Internal Revenue Code ...

Yele Haiti

Yele Haiti was a charitable organization established in 2001 by Haitian musician and rapper Wyclef Jean, who was born in Haiti and has kept ties there. It is legally known as the Wyclef Jean Foundation and incorporated in the state of Illinois, U ...

Espionage

Espionage or spying is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information or divulging of the same without the permission of the holder of the information. Spies help agencies uncover secret information. Any individual or spy ring, in the se ...

Jalal Haji Zawar

Zawar was condemned by Tehran’s military court after several meetings and was sentenced to death. He was executed at the Rajayi Shahr prison in Karaj, west of Irans capital, Tehran. Zawars employment was terminated in 2010. He had been detained o ...

Advanced persistent threat

An advanced persistent threat is a stealthy computer network threat actor, typically a nation state or state-sponsored group, which gains unauthorized access to a computer network and remains undetected for an extended period. In recent times, th ...

Aerial reconnaissance

Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. The role of reconnaissance can fulfil a variety of requirements including artillery spotting, the collection of imagery i ...

Aerial reconnaissance in World War I

Aerial reconnaissance using heavier-than-air machines was an entirely new science that had to be improvised step-by-step. Early operations were low-level flights with the pilot often dismounting from the plane to report verbally to the nearest of ...

Aerial reconnaissance in World War II

A transformational growth in air reconnaissance occurred in the years 1939–45, especially in Britain and then in the United States. It was an expansion determined mostly by trial and error, represented mostly by new tactics, new procedures, and n ...

Agent handling

In intelligence organizations, agent handling is the management of so-called agents, principal agents, and agent networks by intelligence officers typically known as case officers.

Amerasia

Amerasia was a journal of Far Eastern affairs best known for the 1940s "Amerasia Affair" in which several of its staff and their contacts were suspected of espionage and charged with unauthorized possession of government documents.