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Carl Leone

Carl Desmond Leone is a Canadian businessman from Windsor, Ontario. Leone was jailed after pleading guilty in a Windsor court to 15 counts of aggravated sexual assault for not informing his sexual partners of his positive HIV status. It is believ ...

Operation Infektion

Operation INFEKTION was the popular name given to a disinformation campaign run by the KGB in the 1980s to plant the idea that the United States had invented HIV/AIDS as part of a biological weapons research project at Fort Detrick, Maryland. His ...

Andre Chad Parenzee

Andre Chad Parenzee is an HIV-positive Australian man convicted of three counts of endangering human life by exposing others to the risk of infection through unprotected sex as he claimed to them that he was HIV seronegative. In one instance he a ...

R v Cuerrier

R v Cuerrier was a 1998 decision by the Supreme Court of Canada, which ruled that knowingly exposing a sexual partner to HIV constitutes a prosecutable crime under Canadian law.

Trevis Smith

Trevis Smith is a former football linebacker who played seven years with the Saskatchewan Roughriders of the Canadian Football League. Born in Montgomery, Alabama, Smith was formerly a linebacker for the University of Alabama. On October 28, 2005 ...

Brian Stewart (phlebotomist)

Brian T. Stewart is a former phlebotomist from Columbia, Illinois, who was convicted in December 1998 of injecting his son with HIV-contaminated blood.

Valentino Talluto

Valentino Talluto is an Italian accountant who was charged in 2017 for the criminal transmission of HIV to at least 30 women and sentenced to 24 years imprisonment.

Nushawn Williams

Nushawn Williams, also known as Shyteek Johnson, is an American convicted sex offender who admitted in 1997 to having unprotected sex with numerous girls and women after having been told that he was HIV positive. New York state and local public h ...

Jose Luis Jimenez

Jose Luis Jimenez Marin is a professional Chilean footballer who currently plays as a Forward for Santiago Morning.

1998 California Proposition 6

Proposition 6 was an initiative statute that appeared on the November 3, 1998 California general election ballot. It was passed with 4.670.524 Yes votes, for 59.4 percent of the total votes cast. The proposition added sections 598c and 598d to th ...

American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals is a non-profit organization dedicated to preventing cruelty to animals. Based in New York City since its inception in 1866, the organizations mission is "to provide effective means fo ...

Animal Crush Video Prohibition Act of 2010

The Animal Crush Video Prohibition Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–294, 124 Stat. 3177, enacted December 9, 2010, was a United States bill that addressed the banning of depictions of cruelty to animals to satisfy a crush fetish. The bill, H.R. 5566, was ...

Animal hoarding

Animal hoarding is keeping a higher-than-usual number of animals as domestic pets without ability to properly house or care for them, while at the same time denying this inability. Compulsive hoarding can be characterized as a symptom of mental d ...

Animal industrial complex

Animal industrial complex is the accumulation of interests responsible for institutionalized exploitation of non-human animals. It includes every human activity involving animals, chiefly economic, such as the food industry, animal research, reli ...

Animal Planet Heroes

Animal Planet Heroes is an "umbrella rotation" of reality shows on Animal Planet. These shows focus on various animal cops / animal protection agencies across the United States, with one show set in South Africa. The shows include: Animal Cops: H ...

Animal Precinct

Animal Precinct is an American documentary reality television series that originally aired from June 26, 2001, to February 4, 2008, on Animal Planet. Set in New York City, the series follows the animal cruelty agents of the ASPCAs Humane Law Enfo ...

Animal sacrifice in Hinduism

The modern practice of Hindu animal sacrifice is mostly associated with Shaktism, and in currents of folk Hinduism strongly rooted in local popular or tribal traditions. Animal sacrifices were part of the ancient Vedic religion in India, and are ...

Animal Welfare Act of 1966

The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on August 24, 1966. It is the main federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research and exhibition. Other laws, policies, and guidelines ...

Animal-borne bomb attacks

Animal-borne bomb attacks are the use of animals as delivery systems for explosives. The explosives are strapped to a pack animal such as a horse, mule or donkey. The pack animal may be set off in a crowd. Projects of bat bombs, dog bombs, and pi ...

Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986

The Animals Act 1986, sometimes referred to as ASPA, is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed in 1986, which regulates the use of animals used for research in the UK. The Act permits studies to be conducted using animals for proce ...

ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Division

The ASPCA Humane Law Enforcement Division was the law enforcement arm of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals from 1866 until 2013, when the law enforcement division was disbanded. The agency enforced humane laws, and inv ...

Australian greyhound racing live baiting scandal

The Australian greyhound racing live baiting scandal is a series of events that occurred in at least three Australian states where live baiting of racing greyhounds was exposed on ABC TV and in The Sydney Morning Herald. On 16 February 2015, the ...

Backyard breeder

A backyard breeder is an amateur animal breeder whose breeding is considered substandard, with little or misguided effort towards ethical, selective breeding. Unlike puppy mills and other animal mill operations, backyard breeders breed on a small ...

Battery cage

Battery cages are a housing system used for various animal production methods, but primarily for egg-laying hens. The name arises from the arrangement of rows and columns of identical cages connected together, in a unit, as in an artillery batter ...

Bile bear

Bile bears, sometimes called battery bears, are bears kept in captivity to harvest their bile, a digestive fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder, which is used by some traditional Chinese medicine practitioners. It is estimate ...

Bird trapping

Bird trapping techniques to capture wild birds include a wide range of techniques that have their origins in the hunting of birds for food. While hunting for food does not require birds to be caught alive, some trapping techniques capture birds w ...

Blood sport

A blood sport or bloodsport is a category of sport or entertainment that involves bloodshed. Common examples of the former include combat sports such as cockfighting and dog fighting and some forms of hunting and fishing. Activities characterized ...

Boiling frog

The boiling frog is a fable describing a frog being slowly boiled alive. The premise is that if a frog is put suddenly into boiling water, it will jump out, but if the frog is put in tepid water which is then brought to a boil slowly, it will not ...

Bull running

Bull running was a medieval custom practiced in England until the 19th century. It involved chasing a bull through the streets of a town until it was weakened, then slaughtering the animal and butchering it for its meat. Bull running became illeg ...

Bullfighting

Bullfighting is a physical contest that involves humans and animals attempting to publicly subdue, immobilise, or kill a bull, usually according to a set of rules, guidelines, or cultural expectations. There are many different forms and varieties ...

Calf 269

Calf 269 is a bull who was rescued as a calf by anonymous activists, days before his planned slaughter. He was born at an Israeli facility in the vicinity of Azor, a town on the outskirts of Tel Aviv. The slaughter was scheduled for June 2013. He ...

California foie gras law

The California foie gras law or Senate Bill 1520 is a California State statute that prohibits the "force feed a bird for the purpose of enlarging the birds liver beyond normal size" as well as the sale of products that are a result of this proces ...

Cambridge University primates

Cambridge University primate experiments came to public attention in 2002 after the publication that year of material from a ten-month undercover investigation in 1998 by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. The experiments were be ...

Cat-burning

Cat burning was a form of entertainment throughout medieval Europe, in particular France and Belgium, prior to the 1800s. In this form of entertainment, people would gather dozens of cats in a net and hoist them high into the air from a special b ...

Cattle mutilation

Cattle mutilation is the killing and mutilation of cattle under unusual, usually bloodless, and anomalous circumstances. Worldwide, sheep, horses, goats, pigs, rabbits, cats, dogs, bison, deer and elk have been reported mutilated with similar blo ...

Cave of Dogs

The Cave of Dogs is a small cave on the eastern side of the Phlegraean Fields near Pozzuoli, Naples. Inside the cave is a fumarole that releases carbon dioxide of volcanic origin. It was a famous, if gruesome, tourist attraction for travellers on ...

Chick culling

Chick culling is the process of separating and disposing of unwanted male embryos or chicks, for which the intensive animal farming industry has no use. It occurs in all industrialised egg production whether free range, organic, or battery cage. ...

Kochouseph Chittilappilly

Kochouseph Thomas Chittilappilly is an Indian business magnate, writer, investor and philanthropist. He is the founder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of V-Guard Industries Ltd and a chain of amusement parks called Wonderla. K. Chittilappil ...

Chunee

Chunee was an Indian elephant who was brought to Regency London in 1811. Three elephants were brought to England in East India Company ships between 1809 and 1811. The third of these was Chunee. He travelled on the East Indiaman, Astell, from Ben ...

Cock throwing

Cock throwing, also known as cock-shying or throwing at cocks, was a blood sport widely practised in England until the late 18th century. A rooster was tied to a post, and people took turns throwing coksteles at the bird until it died. Cock throw ...

Cropping (animal)

Cropping is the removal of part or all of the pinnae or auricles, the external visible flap of the ear and earhole, of an animal; it sometimes involves taping to make the ears pointy. Most commonly performed on dogs, it is an ancient practice tha ...

Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822

The Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the long title "An Act to prevent the cruel and improper Treatment of Cattle"; it is sometimes known as Martins Act, after the MP and animal rights cam ...

Cruelty to Animals Act 1835

The Cruelty to Animals Act 1835 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, intended to protect animals, and in particular cattle, from mistreatment. Its full title is An Act to Consolidate and Amend the Several Laws Relating to the Cruel ...

Cruelty to Animals Act 1849

The Cruelty to Animals Act 1849 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom with the long title An Act for the more effectual Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The Act repealed two previous Acts, the Cruel Treatment of Cattle Act 1822 and t ...

Cruelty to Animals Act, 1876

The Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, was an Act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom which set limits on the practice of, and instituted a licensing system for animal experimentation, amending the Cruelty to Animals Act 1849. Its long title ...

Cruelty-free

In the animal rights movement, cruelty-free is a label for products or activities that do not harm or kill animals anywhere in the world. Products tested on animals are not considered cruelty-free, since these tests are often painful and cause th ...

Crush fetish

A crush fetish is a fetish and a paraphilia in which one is sexually aroused when someone crushes objects, food, and sometimes small animals with their body, usually under their foot, or when crushed oneself. The term soft crush refers to the mor ...

Debeaking

Debeaking is the partial removal of the beak of poultry, especially layer hens and turkeys although it may also be performed on quail and ducks. Most commonly, the beak is shortened permanently, although regrowth can occur. The trimmed lower beak ...

Declawing of crabs

Declawing of crabs is the process whereby one or both claws of a crab are manually detached before the return of the live crab to the water, as practiced in the fishing industry worldwide. Crabs commonly have the ability to regenerate lost limbs ...

Diving horse

A diving horse is an attraction that was popular in the mid-1880s, in which a horse would dive into a pool of water, sometimes from as high as 60 feet.