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FM (chemotherapy)

FM in the context of chemotherapy means the chemotherapy regimen as first-line therapy in indolent lymphoma. In combination with rituximab it is called R-FM or RFM or FM-or FMR. In the FM circuit consists of: M itoxantrone - synthetic anthracycli ...

GemOx

Or GemOx is an acronym for one of the chemotherapy regimens used in the treatment of recurrent or primary refractory non-Hodgkins lymphoma and lymphoma Hodgkins. In combination with rituximab, it is called R-GemOx or-R, GEMOX-R. In -GemOx scheme ...

GVD (chemotherapy)

HIG is a chemotherapy regimen used for emergency treatment of relapsed or refractory Hodgkins disease, including those patients who relapse after stem cell transplantation. Mode of GVD consists of three drugs: D oxil - development of pegylated li ...

Hyper-CVAD

Hyper-CVAD chemotherapy consists of two courses of combinations of drugs A and B given in an alternating fashion. The term Hyper refers to the hyperfractionated nature of the chemotherapy that is given in smaller doses, more frequently, to minimi ...

ICE (chemotherapy)

Ice in the context of chemotherapy is an acronym for one of the chemotherapy regimens used in the emergency treatment of relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkins lymphoma and Hodgkins lymphoma. In the case of CD20 on b-positive B lymphoid cells malign ...

IMEP (chemotherapy)

IMEP is a chemotherapy regimen that is effective for nasal NK / T-cell lymphoma. This chemotherapy regimen was also tested with Hodgkins disease as part of multi-drug alternating scheme SORRY / ABV / IMEP. But in this situation it showed no advan ...

MINE (chemotherapy)

Mine in the context of chemotherapy is an acronym for one of the chemotherapy regimens used to treat relapsed or refractory aggressive non-Hodgkins lymphoma and lymphoma Hodgkins. Today, this mode is often combined with the monoclonal antibody ri ...

R-HDAC

R-HDAC, or R-HD-Arak ituximab plus high OSE RA) is a chemotherapy regimen that is used, alternating with R-Maxi-Chop, in the framework of the so-called "Scandinavian" Protocol of treatment of lymphoma mantle cell. It consists of a monoclonal anti ...

Sequential high-dose chemotherapy

Sequential high-dose chemotherapy regimen, consisting of several successive monochemotherapies with only one chemotherapeutic agent over the course. The idea of this approach is that when using single agent chemotherapy, the physician can easily ...

Stanford V

Stanford V is a chemotherapy regimen intended as a first-line treatment for Hodgkins lymphoma. The scheme was developed in 1988 with the aim of maintaining a high rate of remission, decreasing the incidence of acute and long term toxicity, pulmon ...

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkins lymphoma is indolent CD20 on a form of lymphoma. Some people cease to be classified as a form of classic Hodgkins lymphoma LKH. This is because the reed-Sternberg cells RSC variants popcorn cell, which char ...

Follicular lymphoma

Follicular lymphoma is a cancer which involves certain types of white blood cells known as lymphocytes. Cancer arises from uncontrolled division of specific types of B cells known as centrocytes and centroblasts. These cells usually occupy follic ...

Large-cell lymphoma

Large-cell lymphomas large cells. One classification system for lymphomas divides the diseases according to the size of the white blood cells that have turned cancerous. A large cell, in this context, has a diameter of 17 to 20 microns. Other gro ...

Mantle cell lymphoma

Mantle cell lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkins lymphomas, comprising about 6% of cases of NHL. There are only about 15.000 patients presently in the U.S. with lymphoma, mantle cell. Mcl is a subtype of B-cell lymphoma, due to CD5 positive antigen ...

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma refers to a group of T-cell lymphomas, which develop from the thymus. Examples include: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. (Angioimmunoblastic Т-клеточная лимфома) Enteropathy type T-cell lymphoma. Anaplastic large cel ...

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified, is a subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma is defined as a diverse group of aggressive lymphomas that develop from Mature-stage white blood cells called T-cells and n ...

Splenic infarction

Infarction of the spleen is a condition in which the intensity of the blood flow to the spleen is disrupted, leading to partial or complete infarction of the organ. Infarction of the spleen occurs when the splenic artery or one of its branches oc ...

Splenosis

Splenosis is the result of spleen tissue, by severing the main body and implant elsewhere in the body. This is called heterotopic autotransplantation of the spleen. This most often occurs as a result of traumatic rupture of the spleen or abdomina ...

Glycylcycline

Glycylcyclines are a class of antibiotics derived from tetracycline. These tetracycline analogues are specifically designed to overcome two common mechanisms of tetracycline resistance, namely resistance mediated acquired efflux pumps and / or ri ...

Midecamycin

The melting temperature depends on the type of connection. It can also vary depending on the source consulted. Example: For type 1: The Merck index reports 155-156 Celsius. The Japanese Pharmacopoeia reports 153-158 centigrade. For 3 types: The M ...

Pikromycin

Pikromycin was studied by Brokmann and Hekel in 1951 and was the first antibiotic of the macrolides to be isolated. Pikromycin is synthesized through a type I polyketides synthase system in Streptomyces venezuelae, types of gram-positive bacteria ...

Streptogramin A

Streptogramin a is group of antibiotics in a large family of antibiotics known as streptogramins. They are synthesized by bacteria of the Streptomyces virginiae. The streptogramin family of antibiotics consists of two separate groups: group of an ...

Hypotensive transfusion reaction

A hypotensive transfusion reaction or HTR is a rare condition that is characterized by low blood pressure associated with the use of blood products. Low blood pressure quickly resolves when the transfusion is terminated. HTRs caused by the produc ...

Orthostatic syncope

Orthostatic syncope refers to syncope due to orthostatic decrease in blood pressure, called orthostatic hypotension. Orthostatic hypotension occurs when there is a persistent decrease in arterial pressure less than 20mmHg systolic or 10mmHg diast ...

Atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response

Atrial fibrillation is a cardiac arrhythmia characterized by rapid and irregular rhythm of the atrial chambers of the heart. It often starts as brief periods of abnormal beating which become more or less continuously for a long time. It can also ...

Atrioventricular block

Atrioventricular block is a type of heart block that occurs when an electrical signal travels from the Atria or upper heart chambers, the ventricles, or lower chambers of the heart, disturbed. Normal sinus node produces an electrical signal, to c ...

Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia

Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia or atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia, is a type of abnormally fast heart rhythm and is a type of supraventricular tachycardia. AVRT is most commonly associated with the Wolff–Parkinson–white syndrom ...

Automatic tachycardia

Automatic tachycardia is a heart rhythm disturbance, which includes in the region of the heart generating an abnormally fast pace, sometimes also called enhanced automaticity. These tachycardia, or fast heart rhythm, different from a reentrant ta ...

AV nodal reentrant tachycardia

AV-Nodal recurrent tachycardia is a type of abnormally fast heart rhythm. This is the type of supraventricular tachycardia, meaning that it comes from a location in the heart above the bundle of his. AV-Nodal recurrent tachycardia is the most com ...

Bigeminy

Bigeminia are problems with the heart rhythm in which there are repeated rhythms of the heart, one long and one short. Most often this is due to the ectopic beats, or extra beats, it happens so often that occur after each sinus rhythm or normal r ...

Cooper-Saeed waves

Cooper-Saeed waves refer to donor heart conducted of teeth R on the ECG a 12-lead tracing of heart transplant recipients, also demonstrating nonconducted P-waves in the heart of the recipient.

Ectopic focus

An ectopic pacemaker is an excitable group of cells that causes a premature heartbeat outside the normal functioning SA node of the heart. Thus, a cardiac pacemaker what is ectopic, producing an ectopic beat. Sharp appearance, usually not life-th ...

First-degree atrioventricular block

First-degree atrioventricular block is a disease of the electrical conduction system of the heart in which the electrical impulses conduct from the Atria of the heart to the ventricles through the atrioventricular node more slowly than normal. Fi ...

Heart block

Heart block is a heart rhythm disturbance due to a fault in the natural pacemaker. This is caused by the obstruction – block in the electrical conduction system of the heart. Sometimes the disorder can be inherited. Despite the harsh name, the he ...

Idioventricular rhythm

As a rule, the pacemaker of the heart, which is responsible for triggering each heart beat is the SA node. However, if the ventricle does not receive the triggering signals at a speed high enough from the SA-node and AV, the ventricle becomes the ...

Inappropriate sinus tachycardia

Inappropriate sinus tachycardia is a rare type of cardiac arrhythmia within the category of supraventricular tachycardia. Ist may be caused by the sinus node, having an abnormal structure or function, or it may be part of the problem called anemi ...

Junctional ectopic tachycardia

Nodal ectopic tachycardia is a rare syndrome of the heart that manifests in patients recovering from heart surgery. It is characterized by cardiac arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat caused by abnormal conduction through the atrioventricular node. ...

Junctional escape beat

In Nodal escape beat slow heartbeat, arising not from the atrium but from an ectopic Focus somewhere in the atrioventricular junction. This occurs when the rate of depolarization in the sinoatrial node falls below the rate of the atrioventricular ...

Junctional rhythm

Nodal rhythm describes an abnormal heart rhythm as a result of impulses coming from a locus of tissue in the region of the atrioventricular node, the "junction" between Atria and ventricles. Under normal conditions, the sinus node of the heart de ...

Multifocal atrial tachycardia

Multifocal atrial tachycardia is a cardiac arrhythmia, specifically a type of supraventricular tachycardia, that is particularly common in the elderly and is associated with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Typically, the h ...

J wave

A j wave is also known as Osborn wave, camel-hump sign, late Delta wave, hathook junction, hypothermic wave to wave, h wave or current of injury is an abnormal electrocardiogram to find. Jay waves are positive deflections occurring at the junctio ...

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia is a type of supraventricular tachycardia, named for its periodic episodes of sudden onset and termination. Often people have no symptoms. Otherwise, symptoms may include palpitations, feeling dizzy, sweati ...

Premature atrial contraction

Premature atrial contractions, also known as atrial premature complexes or atrial premature beats are frequent arrhythmia characterized by premature heartbeats that occur in the Atria. While the sinoatrial node typically regulates the heartbeat d ...

Premature heart beat

Premature heart beat is a heart rhythm disorders corresponding to a premature contraction of one of the chambers of the heart. Premature heart beats are of two different types, premature atrial contractions and premature ventricular contractions. ...

Premature junctional contraction

Premature nodal contractions, also called atrioventricular nodal premature complexes or nodal extrasystole, a bit premature cardiac electrical impulses originating from the atrioventricular node of the heart or "junction". This area is not normal ...

Premature ventricular contraction

A premature contraction of the ventricles is a fairly common phenomenon when the heartbeat is initiated by Purkinje fibers in the ventricles than the sinoatrial node. PVCs may cause no symptoms or may be perceived as "skip a beat" or felt as palp ...

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