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Independent test organization

An independent test organization is an organization, person, or company that tests products, materials, software, etc. according to agreed requirements. The test organization can be affiliated with the government or universities or can be an inde ...

Inspection

For the usage of the phrase "by inspection" in mathematics, see List of mathematical jargon#Proof techniques. An inspection is, most generally, an organized examination or formal evaluation exercise. In engineering activities inspection involves ...

ISO 9000

The ISO 9000 family of quality management systems is a set of standards that helps organizations ensure they meet customers and other stakeholder needs within statutory and regulatory requirements related to a product or service. ISO 9000 deals w ...

Kano model

The Kano model is a theory for product development and customer satisfaction developed in the 1980s by Professor Noriaki Kano, which classifies customer preferences into five categories.

Lean integration

Lean integration is a management system that emphasizes creating value for customers, continuous improvement, and eliminating waste as a sustainable data integration and system integration practice. Lean integration has parallels with other lean ...

Lemon (automobile)

In US English, a lemon is a vehicle that turns out to have several manufacturing defects affecting its safety, value or utility. Any vehicle with such severe issues may be termed a lemon and, by extension, so may any product with flaws too great ...

List of Six Sigma software packages

There are generally four classes of software used to support the Six Sigma process improvement protocol: DMAIC and Lean online project collaboration tools for local and global teams; Data Collection tools that feed information directly into the a ...

Minitab

Minitab is a statistics package developed at the Pennsylvania State University by researchers Barbara F. Ryan, Thomas A. Ryan, Jr., and Brian L. Joiner in 1972. It began as a light version of OMNITAB 80, a statistical analysis program by NIST. St ...

OptiY

OptiY is a design environment providing modern optimization strategies and state of the art probabilistic algorithms for uncertainty, reliability, robustness, sensitivity analysis, data-mining and meta-modeling.

Pareto analysis

Pareto analysis is a formal technique useful where many possible courses of action are competing for attention. In essence, the problem-solver estimates the benefit delivered by each action, then selects a number of the most effective actions tha ...

Pareto chart

A Pareto chart is a type of chart that contains both bars and a line graph, where individual values are represented in descending order by bars, and the cumulative total is represented by the line. The chart is named for the Pareto principle, whi ...

Pirsig's Metaphysics of Quality

The Metaphysics of Quality is a theory of reality introduced in Robert M. Pirsigs philosophical novel, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance and expanded in Lila: An Inquiry into Morals. The MoQ incorporates facets of Sophism, East Asian phil ...

Probabilistic design

Probabilistic design is a discipline within engineering design. It deals primarily with the consideration of the effects of random variability upon the performance of an engineering system during the design phase. Typically, these effects are rel ...

Process architecture

Process architecture is the structural design of general process systems. It applies to fields such as computers, business processes, and any other process system of varying degrees of complexity. Processes are defined as having inputs, outputs a ...

Property (philosophy)

In logic, mathematics, and philosophy, a property is a characteristic of an object; a red object is said to have the property of redness. The property may be considered a form of object in its own right, able to possess other properties. A proper ...

Qualimetry

Qualimetry is a scientific discipline which concerns itself with the methods and problems of quantification of the quality of any object: things or processes, whether natural or man-made, products of labour or nature, whether living or inanimate, ...

Quality bias

Quality bias in price indices is a kind of mismeasurement if they do not incorporate data on the quality of goods from period to period, as well as their nominal price. Personal computers are a canonical case. Because of improvements in computer ...

Quality by Design

Quality by Design is a concept first outlined by quality expert Joseph M. Juran in publications, most notably Juran on Quality by Design. Designing for quality and innovation is one of the three universal processes of the Juran Trilogy, in which ...

Ringtest

A ringtest is part of an external quality assurance programme for a measuring method. Usually a reference institute sends identical samples which have to be analysed for special parameters to different laboratories. The industrial, medical or res ...

Robustification

Robustification is a form of optimisation whereby a system is made less sensitive to the effects of random variability, or noise, that is present in that system’s input variables and parameters. The process is typically associated with engineerin ...

Root cause

A root cause is an initiating cause of either a condition or a causal chain that leads to an outcome or effect of interest. The term denotes the earliest, most basic, deepest, cause for a given behavior; most often a fault. The idea is that you c ...

Root cause analysis

In science and engineering, root cause analysis is a method of problem solving used for identifying the root causes of faults or problems. It is widely used in IT operations, telecommunications, industrial process control, accident analysis, medi ...

Secure Stations Scheme

The Secure Stations Scheme is an accreditation scheme operated in the United Kingdom by the Department for Transport. The scheme was started in 1998 and is open to the operators of any rail network policed by the British Transport Police. Each st ...

Walter A. Shewhart

Walter Andrew Shewhart was an American physicist, engineer and statistician, sometimes known as the father of statistical quality control and also related to the Shewhart cycle. W. Edwards Deming said of him: As a statistician, he was, like so ma ...

Shigeo Shingo

Shigeo Shingo, born in Saga City, Japan, was a Japanese industrial engineer who was considered as the world’s leading expert on manufacturing practices and the Toyota Production System.

Society for Software Quality

SSQ is chartered as a public benefit corporation organized and operated exclusively for educational purposes. Its charter is to advance the sciences and technologies of quality software and to nurture professionalism in those who engage in these ...

Software Engineering Process Group

A Software Engineering Process Group is an organizations focal point for software process improvement activities. These individuals perform assessments of organizational capability, develop plans to implement needed improvements, coordinate the i ...

Specification (technical standard)

A specification often refers to a set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service. A specification is often a type of technical standard. There are different types of technical or engineering specificatio ...

Sportsmark

Sportsmark is Sport Englands accreditation scheme for secondary schools. The scheme recognises a schools out of hours sports provision. Sportsmark awards are given to secondary schools for provision for sport and physical education. They are curr ...

Straight-Through Quality

Straight-Through Quality are approaches and outputs of test automation that have quality and deliver business benefit. STQ takes its name from the business concept of straight-through processing. Also acting as a tool and enabler for STP. Traditi ...

Structured What If Technique

Structured What If Technique is a prospective hazards analysis method that uses structured brainstorming with guide words and prompts to identify risks, with the aim of being quicker than more intensive methods like Failure mode and effects analy ...

Taguchi methods

Taguchi methods are statistical methods, sometimes called robust design methods, developed by Genichi Taguchi to improve the quality of manufactured goods, and more recently also applied to engineering,biotechnology, marketing and advertising. Pr ...

Genichi Taguchi

Genichi Taguchi was an engineer and statistician. From the 1950s onwards, Taguchi developed a methodology for applying statistics to improve the quality of manufactured goods. Taguchi methods have been controversial among some conventional Wester ...

Test call generator

Test call generators are revenue assurance solutions that replicate events on a telecoms network to identify potential revenue leakage and to help achieve regulatory compliance. Both cellular and fixed-line telecom operators utilise test call gen ...

Validation (drug manufacture)

Validation is the process of establishing documentary evidence demonstrating that a procedure, process, or activity carried out in testing and then production maintains the desired level of compliance at all stages. In the pharmaceutical industry ...

Value tree analysis

Value tree analysis is a multi-criteria decision-making implement by which the decision-making attributes for each choice to come out with a preference for the decision makes are weighted. Usually, choices attribute-specific values are aggregated ...

Workmanship

Workmanship is a human attribute relating to knowledge and skill at performing a task. Workmanship is also a quality imparted to a product. The type of work may include the creation of handcrafts, art, writing, machinery and other products.

Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiments

The Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiments project was a consortium of NASA, the FAA, the general aviation industry and a number of universities. Its goal was to create a Small Aviation Transportation System as an alternative to short-ra ...

Alabama International Trade Center

The Alabama International Trade Center was created in 1979 as one of the first international SBDCs. Since its inception, the AITC has provided export trade research, education, finance, and training throughout Alabama.

AllBusiness.com

AllBusiness.com provides business information and resources for small businesses, those companies with fewer than 500 employees. The company also conducts research to measure the health and direction of the small business sector.

Business Development Bank of Canada

The Business Development Bank of Canada is a federal development bank structured as a Crown corporation wholly owned by the Government of Canada. Its mandate is to help create and develop Canadian businesses through financing, growth and transiti ...

Business.gov

Business.gov is sponsored by the U.S. Small Business Administration to provide small business owners with access to federal, state and local government resources from a single access point.

Excellent SME

Excellent SME is international project, aiming to establish white list of small and medium enterprises by means of certification system. Project brings emphasis on web site certification, since internet is becoming prevailing media for promotion ...

Federal financing for small businesses in Canada

Federal financing for small businesses in Canada is facilitated via a number of programs and agencies. Financing is available in the form of grants, loans, loan guarantees, income support and subsidized hiring and/or training programs. The govern ...

Florida Small Business Development Center Network

The FSBDC was founded in 1976. The FSBDC was started at the University of West Florida as one of the eight original state-based Small Business Development Center pilots funded by the U.S. Small Business Administration. Other participating schools ...

Small Business Health Options Program

The federal Small Business Health Options Program is an insurance exchange, created by Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The Small Business Health Options Program Marketplace helps small businesses to provide health coverage to their em ...

International Small Business Journal

The International Small Business Journal is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the fields of economics and entrepreneurship, especially small businesses. The journals editor-in-chief is Robert Blackburn. It was established in 1982 and i ...

Journal of Small Business Management

The Journal of Small Business Management is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the International Council for Small Business. The journal was first published in 1963. It covers all aspects of manag ...

Minister for Small Business (Western Australia)

Minister for Small Business is a position in the government of Western Australia, currently held by Paul Papalia of the Labor Party. The position was first created in 1984, for the government of Brian Burke, and has existed in most governments si ...

New York State Small Business Development Center

The New York State Small Business Development Center was created in 1984. The NYSSBDC is administered by the State University of New York and is funded by the State of New York, the U.S. Small Business Administration, and host campuses. The NYSSB ...