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Uniform Investment Adviser Law Exam

Uniform Investment Adviser Law Examination, also called the Series 65 exam, is a test taken by individuals in the United States who seek to become licensed investment adviser representatives. The exam covers topics necessary to provide investment ...

Unique Transaction Identifier

A Unique Transaction Identifier, alternatively called Unique Swap Identifier is a globally unique identifier for individual transactions in financial markets. USIs were introduced in late 2012 in the U.S. in the context of Dodd–Frank regulation, ...

Nicolas Veron

Nicolas Veron is a French economist. He is a Senior Fellow at Bruegel in Brussels, which he co-founded in 2002-05, and at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington DC, which he joined in 2009. In 2012, he was included in th ...

World Pensions & Investments Forum

The World Pensions & Investments Forum is a research and policy-oriented conference organised by the World Pensions Council, also known as the International Association of Pension Funds, in partnership with regional and supranational organisation ...

Fisheries law

Fisheries law is an emerging and specialized area of law. Fisheries law is the study and analysis of different fisheries management approaches such as catch shares e.g. Individual Transferable Quotas; TURFs; and others. The study of fisheries law ...

Bait Act

In the 1800s France claimed exclusive rights to fish along the shores of Newfoundland, and to cure the fish on the shores. Newfoundland was a British colony, but Britain had other priorities when negotiating fishing rights, and did little to prot ...

Bering Sea Arbitration

The Bering Sea Arbitration of 1893 arose out of a fishery dispute between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States in the 1880s. The United States Revenue Cutter Service, today known as the United States Coast Guard, ...

Canada–Australia salmon trade dispute

In the 1990s, a trade dispute over fresh salmon arose between the Commonwealth nations of Canada and Australia. In 1995, Canada made a complaint to the World Trade Organization, of which both countries are members, about Australias restriction on ...

Canada–France Maritime Boundary Case

The Canada–France Maritime Boundary Case was a 1992 dispute between Canada and France that was decided by an arbitral tribunal created by the parties to resolve the dispute. The case established the extent of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Fr ...

1993 Cherbourg incident

The 1993 Cherbourg incident were a series of maritime incidents which took place from 26 March to 2 April 1993 between the British Royal Navy and French fishermen as a result of a fishing rights dispute in and around the Channel Islands waters.

Cod fishing in Newfoundland

Cod fishing in Newfoundland was carried out at a subsistence level for centuries, but large scale fishing began shortly after the European discovery of the North American continent in 1492, with the waters being found to be preternaturally plenti ...

Cod Wars

The Cod Wars were a series of confrontations between the United Kingdom and Iceland on fishing rights in the North Atlantic. Each of the disputes ended with an Icelandic victory. The Third Cod War concluded in 1976, with a highly favourable agree ...

Common Fisheries Policy

The Common Fisheries Policy is the fisheries policy of the European Union. It sets quotas for which member states are allowed to catch each type of fish, as well as encouraging the fishing industry by various market interventions. In 2004 it had ...

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement

The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement is a free-trade agreement between Canada and the European Union. It has been provisionally applied, thus removing 98% of the preexisting tariffs between the two parts. The negotiations were concluded ...

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

The Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas is an agreement that was designed to solve through international cooperation the problems involved in the conservation of living resources of the high seas, consideri ...

Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics

The Coordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics provides a mechanism to coordinate fishery statistical programmes of regional fishery bodies and other inter-governmental organizations with a remit for fishery statistics.

Exclusive economic zone

An exclusive economic zone is a sea zone prescribed by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water an ...

R (Factortame Ltd) v Secretary of State for Transport

R v Secretary of State for Transport was a judicial review case taken against the United Kingdom government by a company of Spanish fishermen who claimed that the United Kingdom had breached European Union law by requiring ships to have a majorit ...

FAO Major Fishing Areas

The FAO Major Fishing Areas are areas in the world in what the Food and Agriculture Organization has divided the fishery. This definition is required for the statistical data-gathering, the management of fisheries and jurisdictional purposes. The ...

Fish Canneries Reference

Canada v British Columbia, also known as the Reference as to constitutional validity of certain sections of The Fisheries Act, 1914 and the Fish Canneries Reference, is a significant decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in dete ...

Fish market

For the Sydney station, see Fish Market tram stop. A fish market is a marketplace for selling fish products. It can be dedicated to wholesale trade between fishermen and fish merchants, or to the sale of seafood to individual consumers, or to bot ...

Fisheries Act 1981

The Fisheries Act 1981 was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. With regards to the sea fishing industry, the Act established the Sea Fish Industry Authority, which was given the duty to promote the efficiency of the indu ...

Fisheries Act 1983

The Fisheries Act 1983 is an Act of Parliament in New Zealand. An important provision of the Act was establishing the Quota Management System, one of the first individual fishing quota systems. The Act was largely repealed with the passage of the ...

Fisheries Act 1996

The Fisheries Act 1996 is a New Zealand Act of Parliament. It is divided into five areas: recreational, customary, environmental, commercial and international fishing. It is administered by the Overseas Investment Commission and the Ministry of F ...

Fisheries Law Centre

The Fisheries Law Centre is a grassroots non-profit research centre headquartered in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Although FLC is based in Canada, its outreach is global with researchers located in many countries around the world. FLCs ma ...

Fisheries management

Fisheries management is the activity of protecting fishery resources so sustainable exploitation is possible, drawing on fisheries science, and including the precautionary principle. Modern fisheries management is often referred to as a governmen ...

Fisheries Privilege (1666)

The Fisheries privilege is a charter issued by Charles II granting eternal rights to 50 boats from Bruges to fish in British coastal waters. It was considered to be a demonstration of gratitude for his exile there from 1656 to 1659. The charter w ...

Fishery Limits Act 1976

The Fishery Limits Act 1976 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom in order to implement the extension of fishing waters under the European Communitys Common Fisheries Policy into British law. The Act extended the fishing limits from 1 ...

Fishing license

A fishing license, fishing licence or fishing permit is a regulatory or legal mechanism to control fishing. Licensing is one mechanism of fisheries management and may be required for either commercial or recreational fishing.

Gulf of Maine Closed Areas

The Gulf of Maine has been fished since the 1700s, and has been a historic fishing area since. Climate change is having significant impacts on this ecosystem; between 2004 and 2013, the Gulf of Maine has warmed faster than 99.9% of the global oce ...

High Seas Driftnet Fisheries Enforcement Act of 1992

High Seas Driftnet Fisheries Enforcement Act of 1992 is United States declaration citing an observance of the United Nations international driftnet fishery conservation program to restrict large scale driftnet fishing in high seas or internationa ...

High seas fisheries management

U.R. Sumaila, D. Zeller, R. Watson, J. Alder, D. Pauly, Potential costs and benefits of marine reserves in the high seas, Marine Ecology Progress Series 345 2007 305–310. U.R. Sumaila, V.W.Y. Lam, D.D. Miller, L. Teh, R.A. Watson, D. Zeller, et a ...

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is an international issue around the world. Fishing industry observers believe IUU occurs in most fisheries, and accounts for up to 30% of total catches in some important fisheries. Illegal fishing take ...

Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions; National Standard Guidelines

The Magnuson-Stevens Act Provisions is necessary to help compliance the requirements of the MSA to end and prevent overfishing, rebuild overfished stocks, and achieve maximum yield

Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act

The Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, commonly referred to as the Magnuson–Stevens Act, is the legal provision for promoting optimal exploitation of U.S. coastal fisheries. Enacted in 1976, it has since been amended in lin ...

Marine Life Protection Act

The Marine Life Protection Act was passed in 1999 and is part of the California Fish and Game Code. The MLPA requires California to reevaluate all existing marine protected areas and potentially design new MPAs that together function as a statewi ...

Marine protected area

Marine protected areas are protected areas of seas, oceans, estuaries or in the US, the Great Lakes. These marine areas can come in many forms ranging from wildlife refuges to research facilities. MPAs restrict human activity for a conservation p ...

Marine reserve

A marine reserve is a type of marine protected area that has legal protection against fishing or development. As of 2007 less than 1% of the worlds oceans had been set aside in marine reserves. Benefits include increases in the diversity, density ...

Massachusetts Lobstermen's Association v. Ross

Massachusetts Lobstermens Association v. Ross is a United States District Court case in the District of Columbia in which the court determined whether or not a President may establish a marine national monument, the Northeast Canyons and Seamount ...

Merchant Shipping (Scottish Fishing Boats) Act 1920

The Merchant Shipping Act 1920 was an Act of Parliament concerning fishing in Scotland. It became law on 16 August 1920. It provided that Part IV of the Merchant Shipping Act 1894 would apply to Scotland. The Act came into force from 1 October 19 ...

Merchant Shipping Act 1988

The Merchant Shipping Act 1988 c.12 was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom. It aimed to prevent foreign fishing fleets from fishing in British territorial waters. In the Factortame case, its provisions in Parts I and II, Registration of B ...

Merchant Shipping Act 1995

The Merchant Shipping Act 1995 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom in 1995. It consolidated much of the UKs maritime legislation, repealing several Acts in their entirety and provisions in many more, some dating back to the mid-n ...

Pacific Salmon Commission

The Pacific Salmon Commission is a regulatory body run jointly by the Canadian and United States governments. Its mandate is to protect stocks of the five species of Pacific salmon. Its precursor was the International Pacific Salmon Fisheries Com ...

Pescanova

Pescanova, S.A. is a Spanish fishing company based in Redondela, Galicia. The Pescanova group operates in 24 countries with approximately 12.400 employees. The group includes such companies as: Argenova S.A., Marnova Lda, Aliholding, United Conta ...

Provincial Fisheries Reference

The Provincial Fisheries Reference was a lawsuit decided in 1898 by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. It arose from a government turf war in Canada over the jurisdictional boundaries of property rights in relation to rivers, lakes, har ...

Royal fish

Under the law of the United Kingdom, whales and sturgeons are royal fish, and when taken become the personal property of the monarch of the United Kingdom as part of his or her royal prerogative.

Salmon Act 1986

The Salmon Act 1986 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, passed in 1986, which regulates salmon fishery. It is frequently cited in lists of absurd or unusual laws, since it contains a provision making it illegal to "handle salmon in sus ...

Sea Fisheries (Shellfish) Amendment (Scotland) Act 2000

The Sea Fisheries Amendment Act is an Act of the Scottish Parliament which amends section 7 of the Sea Fisheries Act 1967 in respect of rights of several fishery.

Slot limit

A protected slot limit is a tool used by fisheries managers to regulate the size of fish that can legally be harvested from particular bodies of water. Usually set by state fish and game departments, the protected slot limit prohibits the harvest ...

Adam Soliman

Adam Soliman is the director of The Fisheries Law Centre. He is a researcher focused on legal and economic issues in Fisheries. He teaches fisheries law in several countries and advocates for further access to justice in small-scale fisheries. He ...