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Ichak Adizes

Ichak Adizes was born in Macedonia. As a Jewish child during World War II, he hid in Albania as a Muslim for protection. The story was documented in a film entitled I Want To Remember, He Wants To Forget. In 1948, Adizes moved with his family to ...

Bruno Bernard (writer)

Bernard has appeared on the Russian television news channel RT to discuss international trade. He is a professor and senior lecturer in several universities, and has published works on export and business ethics in twelve languages.

Amitava Chattopadhyay

Amitava Chattopadhyay is The GlaxoSmithKline Chaired Professor in Corporate Innovation - Professor of Marketing at INSEAD, Fellow of the Institute on Asian Consumer Insights, and Senior Fellow at the Ernst & Young Institute for Emerging Market St ...

Benjamin Gilad

Benjamin Gilad is a pioneer in the field of competitive Intelligence, he has published multiple books and articles on the subject, is a co-founder of the Fuld-Gilad-Herring Academy of Competitive Intelligence, and serves as a consultant for many ...

Eliyahu M. Goldratt

Eliyahu Moshe Goldratt was an Israeli business management guru. He was the originator of the Optimized Production Technique, the Theory of Constraints, the Thinking Processes, Drum-Buffer-Rope, Critical Chain Project Management and other TOC deri ...

Verne Harnish

Verne C. Harnish is founder of the Young Entrepreneurs Organization, now known as Entrepreneurs Organization, and the Association of Collegiate Entrepreneurs. He also serves as co-founder and principal of Gazelles Growth Institute and as founder ...

Mikel Harry

Mikel J. Harry was a statistician, quality expert, and author who is credited for developing Six Sigma, along with Bill Smith. Harry was sometimes referred to as the father of Six Sigma. One of his books, Six Sigma: The Breakthrough Management St ...

Nigel Hollis

Nigel Hollis is an author, analyst, researcher, speaker, and commentator on marketing. He is the author of The Global Brand: How to create and develop lasting brand value in the world market published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2008, and is the Exe ...

Eitaro Itoyama

Eitaro Itoyama is one of Japans wealthiest citizens with a fortune estimated to exceed 0 million. He is a controversial figure in Japanese political and commercial life. Itoyama has served four terms as a member of the Diet, the Japanese Parliame ...

Yves-Michel Marti

Yves-Michel Marti is a pioneer in the field of Competitive Intelligence. He is the founder of Egideria and of the French branch of the Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals.

Philip H. Mirvis

Philip H. Mirvis is an organizational psychologist and faculty member at Boston College, in the Center for Corporate Citizenship. He has written ten books on topics in large-scale organizational change, corporate governance, and the characteristi ...

Dominique Xardel

Dominique Xardel is an author and marketing professor in France. From 1978-1988, Xardel was director of ESSEC Business School He was Editor in Chief of the Harvard LExpansion, the French version of the Harvard Business Review. As of 2005, he was ...

Sheldon Yellen

Sheldon David Yellen is an American businessman, author and the CEO of BELFOR Property Restoration. He has appeared on an Emmy-nominated episode of Undercover Boss on CBS.

Keivan Zokaei

Keivan Zokaei is the co-author of "Creating a Lean and Green Business System: Techniques for Improving Profits and Sustainability," which won the Shingo Research and Professional Publication Award in 2014. The other authors include Hunter Lovins, ...

Agricultural gang

Agricultural gangs historically, groups of women, girls and boys organized by an independent gang-master, under whose supervision they executed agricultural piece-work for farmers in certain parts of England. They were sometimes called "public ga ...

Agriculture Act 1920

The Agriculture Act 1920 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom passed in December 1920 by the Coalition Government. It was designed to support price guarantees for agricultural products, and to maintain minimum wages for farm labourers. ...

Bailleur

A bailleur, a French term, is a land owner who outsourced uncultivated parcels of land as part of an early Middle Age sharecropping system known as complant - a precursor to the metayage system. Under this system, a laborer known as a prendeur wo ...

Bataidari system

Bataidari system is a sharecropping, an agricultural practice where a landowner lends his land to another who spends money and labour and the produce is shared by the owner and the tenant. it is prevalent in the state of Bihar in India where near ...

Batey (sugar workers' town)

A batey is a settlement around a sugar mill. They can be found in Cuba, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. In Cuba and the Dominican Republic, the basic conglomerate unit of a sugar production is usually called an ingenio. An ingenio consists of ...

The Birth of Coffee

The Birth of Coffee is a transmedia project which includes a book of words and images, a photographic exhibit, and a website. It focuses on the people worldwide who grow and produce coffee. The project illustrates how coffee – combined with the v ...

Brigade (Soviet collective farm)

Almost two-thirds of kolkhozes 65.1% had two or more field brigades in 1937. Brigades varied in size from 200 workers in the north, north-west and parts of the non-black-earth centre, to about 100 in the Lower and Middle Volga. The average, in 19 ...

Collective farming

Collective farming and communal farming are various types of "agricultural production in which multiple farmers run their holdings as a joint enterprise". That type of collective is often an agricultural cooperative in which member-owners jointly ...

Collectivization in Hungary

In the Hungarian Peoples Republic, agricultural collectivization was attempted a number of times in the late 1940s, until it was finally successfully implemented in the early 1960s. By consolidating individual landowning farmers into agricultural ...

Collectivization in Romania

The collectivization of agriculture in Romania took place in the early years of the Communist regime. The initiative sought to bring about a thorough transformation in the property regime and organization of labour in agriculture. According to so ...

Collectivization in the Polish People's Republic

The Polish Peoples Republic pursued a policy of agricultural collectivization during the Stalinist regime period, from 1948 until the liberalization during Gomulkas thaw of 1956. However, Poland was the only country in the Eastern Bloc where larg ...

Collectivization in the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union implemented the collectivization of its agricultural sector between 1928 and 1940 during the ascendancy of Joseph Stalin. It began during and was part of the first five-year plan. The policy aimed to integrate individual landhold ...

Collectivization in Yugoslavia

The Peoples Federal Republic of Yugoslavia enforced the collectivization of its agricultural sector between 1946 and 1952. The policy, as per directions issued in February 1946, aimed to consolidate individual landholdings and labour into collect ...

Community-supported agriculture

Community-supported agriculture is a system that connects the producer and consumers within the food system more closely by allowing the consumer to subscribe to the harvest of a certain farm or group of farms. It is an alternative socioeconomic ...

Agricultural cooperative

An agricultural cooperative, also known as a farmers co-op, is a cooperative where farmers pool their resources in certain areas of activity. A broad typology of agricultural cooperatives distinguishes between agricultural service cooperatives, w ...

Cuddy Chicks Ltd v Ontario (Labour Relations Board)

Cuddy Chicks Ltd v Ontario, 2 SCR 5 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on the jurisdiction tribunals to hear constitutional challenges of the tribunals enabling statute.

Custom harvesting

In agriculture, custom harvesting or custom combining is the business of harvesting of crops for others. Custom harvesters usually own their own combines and work for the same farms every harvest season. Custom harvesting relieves farmers from ha ...

Dunmore v Ontario (AG)

Dunmore v Ontario, 2001 SCC 94 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on the constitutional right to freedom of association under section 2 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Court held that the lack of a positive framewor ...

Farmworker

A farmworker is a hired agricultural labourer. In labor law, the term "farmworker" is sometimes used more narrowly, applying only to a hired worker involved in agricultural production, including harvesting, but not to a worker in other on-farm jo ...

Free tenant

Free tenants, also known as free peasants, were tenant farmer peasants in medieval England who occupied a unique place in the medieval hierarchy. They were characterized by the low rents which they paid to their manorial lord. They were subject t ...

Harvest excursion

A harvest excursion was a common practice in Canada in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century where large numbers of workers would travel to the Canadian prairies to participate in the fall harvest. There were long severe labour shortage ...

Husbandman

A husbandman in England in the Middle Ages and the early modern period was a free tenant farmer, or a small landowner. The social status of a husbandman was below that of a yeoman. The meaning of "husband" in this term is "master of house" rather ...

Kibbutz

A kibbutz is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degania. Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and ...

Kibbutz volunteer

Kibbutz volunteers are people who come from all over the world to live and work in a kibbutz in Israel. These volunteers, mostly young people, usually stay at the kibbutz for a short period of time, working in various branches of the kibbutz econ ...

Kolkhoz

A kolkhoz, a contraction of кол лективное хоз яйство, collective ownership, kol lektivnoye khoz aystvo) was a form of collective farm in the Soviet Union. Kolkhozes existed along with state farms or sovkhoz. These were the two components of the s ...

Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft

The German expression Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft, or - more commonly - its acronym LPG was the official designation for large, collectivised farms in East Germany, corresponding to Soviet kolkhoz. The collectivisation of privat ...

Metayage

The metayage system is the cultivation of land for a proprietor by one who receives a proportion of the produce, as a kind of sharecropping. Another class of land tenancy in France is named fermage, whereby the rent is paid annually in banknotes.

Moshav

A moshav is a type of Israeli town or settlement, in particular a type of cooperative agricultural community of individual farms pioneered by the Labour Zionists during the second wave of aliyah. A resident or a member of a moshav can be called a ...

Obshchina

Obshchina or mir, or selskoye obshchestvo, were peasant village communities as opposed to individual farmsteads, or khutors, in Imperial Russia. The term derives from the word obshchiy. The vast majority of Russian peasants held their land in com ...

Pea-pickers

A pea-picker is a derogatory reference to poor, migrant workers during the Great Depression. These people were unskilled, poorly educated workers, employable only in menial jobs, such as harvesting crops and, as such, received poor wages for work ...

Prendeur

A prendeur, a French term, is a labourer working as part of an early Middle Age sharecropping system known as complant, a precursor to the metayage system. Under this system, the prendeur would cultivate land owned by a bailleur. In exchange for ...

Pumasi

Pumasi consisted in working together for the benefit of the community, without taking account of the value of each persons labor contribution. Thus the labor of humans and cattle, male and female, adults and children were equally valued. Particip ...

Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention

The Convention concerning the Rights of Association and Combination of Agricultural Workers is an International Labour Organization Convention adopted in 1921. The convention secures the rights of "association and combination" of agricultural wor ...

Rural tenancy

Rural tenancy refers to a type of sharecropping or tenancy arrangement that a landowner can use to make full use of property he may not otherwise be able to develop properly. A "tenant" or non-landowner will take residency on the property of the ...

Scottish Agricultural Wages Board

The Scottish Agricultural Wages Board is an executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government. It sets minimum pay rates and other conditions for agricultural workers, as set out in the Agricultural Wages Order. The Agricultural W ...

Serfdom

Serfdom was the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism, and similar systems. It was a condition of debt bondage and indentured servitude, which developed during the Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages in Eu ...