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HIMEMX.EXE

HIMEM.SYS is a DOS device driver which allows DOS programs to store data in extended memory via the Extended Memory Specification. This device driver is of particular importance because various versions of Microsoft Windows that ran on top of the ...

IBMBIO.DOS

IBMBIO.COM is a system file in many DOS operating systems. It contains the system initialization code and all built-in device drivers. It also loads the DOS kernel and optional pre-loadable system components, displays boot menus, processes config ...

LOGOW.SYS

LOGO.SYS is a core system file used by Windows 9x operating systems to display its boot-up message. It is present and used on Windows 95, Windows 98 and Windows me products. It is not in the Windows NT-family operating systems such as Windows XP. ...

WIN.COM

WIN.COM is the executable file used to load versions of Windows that run from DOS. In Windows 3.1 and its predecessors, it is executed either manually from the DOS prompt or as a line in AUTOEXEC.BAT. In Windows 95 and onward it is automatically ...

Microsoft Windows library files

The Microsoft Windows operating system supports a form of shared libraries known as "dynamic-link libraries", which are code libraries that can be used by multiple processes while only one copy is loaded into memory. This article provides an over ...

Moricons.dll

Moricons.dll is a dynamic-link library file containing icons. The file was first distributed with Windows 3.0 and contains icons for launching many popular DOS applications such as WordPerfect and Lotus 123. Windows setup included the option of s ...

MSSTYLES

MSSTYLES is a Microsoft file format, that contains the bitmaps and metadata for the Windows XP skinning engine, first introduced in Windows Whistler Build 2250. The engine in an unmodified state, only fully applies.the msstyles files that have be ...

Windows thumbnail cache

On Microsoft Windows operating systems, starting with the Internet Explorer 4 Active Desktop Update for Windows 95 and 98, a thumbnail cache is used to store thumbnail images for Windows Explorers thumbnail view. This speeds up the display of ima ...

Hull number

Hull number is a serial identification number given to a boat or ship. For the military, a lower number implies an older vessel. For civilian use, the HIN is used to trace the boats history. The precise usage varies by country and type.

Official number

Official numbers are ship identifier numbers assigned to merchant ships by their country of registration. Each country developed its own official numbering system, some on a national and some on a port-by-port basis, and the formats have sometime ...

List of French Navy ship names

This is an alphabetical list of the names of all ships that have been in service with the French Navy. Names are traditionally re-used over the years, and have been carried by more than one ship.

HMS Assistant

Assistant was a brig of 110 tons burden, armed with four 4-pounders and eight swivel guns, and carrying a complement of twenty-seven. She accompanied the HMS Providence 1791 as a tender for William following the second bread of the expedition fro ...

HMS Cheshire

HMS Cheshire, was a ship of the Royal Navy, named after the English county of Cheshire. Previously a cruise ship, she served as an armed merchant cruiser acting as convoy escort and troopship in World War II. Cheshire turned out to be Doughty in ...

HMS Constitution

Only one ship of the Royal Navy has borne the name HMS Constitution. HMS Constitution was a schooner that the Royal Navy purchased on 24 August 1835. She was no longer listed in 1837.

USS Crawford

USS Crawford may refer to: USS Charles P. Crawford SP-366, a United States Navy minesweeper and tug in commission from 1917 to 1919. Fictional ships USS Crawford SSN-806, a fictional United States Navy submarine in the NCIS / JAG television universe.

USS Eel

USS Eel may refer to: USS Eel SS-354, a proposed United States Navy Balao -class submarine, the contract for her construction was cancelled in 1944. USS Eel, a fictitious World War II U.S. Navy submarine which appears in Edward L. Beach s 1955 no ...

USS Galaxy

USS Galaxy may refer to: USS Galaxy IX-54, a motorboat used for research by the Navy, 1941–1945. USS Galaxy NX-70637, a fictional starship in the Star Trek universe.

USS Oklahoma

Oklahoma was the name of one ship of the United States Navy and will be the name of a future submarine. USS Oklahoma SSN-802, a planned Virginia -class nuclear attack submarine. USS Oklahoma BB-37, a Nevada -class battleship launched in 1914 and ...

USS Pierre

USS Pierre may refer to: USS Pierre LCS-38, a future Independence -class littoral combat ship. USS PC-1141, a PC-461 -class submarine chaser that served in the United States Navy in 1943–1958 and named as USS Pierre PC-1141 in 1956–1958.

USS Vengeance (1779)

USS Vengeance was a former merchant ship that served under the command of John Paul Jones in the Revolutionary War. The French Royal Navy purchased her at Bordeaux in 1779 for Jones and sold her when she arrived at Dunkirk in January 1780 after t ...

Voiceless alveolar trill

A voiceless alveolar trill differs from the voiced alveolar trill /r/ only by the vibrations of the vocal cord. It occurs in a few languages, usually alongside the voiced version, as a similar phoneme or an allophone. Proto-Indo-European *WED tur ...

Bilabial flap

The voiced bilabial flap is an uncommon non-rhotic flap. It is usually, and perhaps always, an allophone of the labiodental flap, though it is the preferred allophone in a minority of languages such as Banda and some of its neighbors. In mono, th ...

Voiced alveolar affricate

A voiced alveolar affricate is a type of affricate consonant pronounced with the tip or blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge just behind the teeth. This refers to a class of sounds, not a single sound. There are several types with signi ...

Voiced alveolar lateral affricate

The voiced alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ⟨ d͡ɮ ⟩.

Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ d͡ʑ ⟩, ⟨ d͜ʑ ⟩, ⟨ ɟ͡ʑ ⟩ and ⟨ ɟ͜ʑ ⟩, and the equivalen ...

Voiced bilabial affricate

A voiced bilabial affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a bilabial stop. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiced dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is ⟨ ɮ ⟩, and the ...

Voiced epiglottal affricate

A voiced epiglottal affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as an epiglottal stop. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiced epiglottal trill

The voiced epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʢ ⟩. Multiple languages the ...

Voiced labiodental fricative

The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ v ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is v. Sound similar to a voice ...

Voiced linguolabial fricative

The linguolabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ d̼ ⟩ or ⟨ β̺ ⟩.

Voiced linguolabial stop

The voiced linguolabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ d̼ ⟩ or ⟨ b̺ ⟩.

Voiced palatal lateral fricative

The voiced palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʎ̝ ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L_r. She was not regi ...

Voiced pharyngeal fricative

The voiced pharyngeal approximant or fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is?\. Epiglottals and ...

Voiced retroflex affricate

The voiced retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ɖ͡ʐ ⟩, sometimes simplified to ⟨ dʐ ⟩. It occurs in such lang ...

Voiced retroflex lateral fricative

Features of the voiced retroflex lateral fricative: It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle. The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is ...

Voiceless alveolar and postalveolar approximants

The voiceless alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the alveolar and postalveolar voiceless approximants is ⟨ ɹ̥ ⟩, and the equivalent ...

Voiceless alveolar lateral affricate

The voiceless alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ⟨ t͡ɬ ⟩, and in Americanist phonetic notation it is ⟨ƛ⟩.

Voiceless alveolar tap and flap

The voiceless alveolar tap or flap is rare as a phoneme. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ɾ̥ ⟩, a combination of the letter for the voiced alveolar tap/flap and a diacritic indicating voicelessness ...

Voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate

The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ t͡ɕ ⟩, ⟨ t͜ɕ ⟩, ⟨ c͡ɕ ⟩ and ⟨ c͜ɕ ⟩, and the equiva ...

Voiceless bilabial affricate

A voiceless bilabial affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a bilabial stop. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiceless bilabial trill

The voiceless bilabial trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʙ̥ ⟩. This sound is typologically extremely rare. This occurs in languag ...

Voiceless dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

The voiceless alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiceless dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is, which tr ...

Voiceless dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants

The voiceless alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent the dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral approximants are ⟨ l̥ ⟩ and ...

Voiceless epiglottal trill

The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʜ ⟩, and the equivalent X ...

Voiceless labiodental affricate

A voiceless labiodental affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a labiodental stop. In XiNkuna a dialect of Tsongas affricate as it happens, however) German has a similar sound /PF / in Pfeffer /ˈpfɛfɐ/ pepper and Apfel /ˈapf ...

Voiceless labiodental approximant

The voiceless labiodental approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ ʋ̥ ⟩ and ⟨ f̞ ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are P_0 and ...

Voiceless labiodental stop

The voiceless labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a. This can be represented in the IPA as ⟨ p̪ ⟩. A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that is often seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the qp ligature ⟨ȹ⟩. Deaf labio ...

Voiceless linguolabial fricative

The voiceless linguolabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ θ̼ ⟩ or ⟨ ɸ̺ ⟩.

Voiceless linguolabial stop

The voiceless linguolabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ t̼ ⟩ or ⟨ p̺ ⟩.