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Information

Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it is that which answers the question of "what an entity is" and thus defines both its essence and nature of its characteristics. The concept of information has different meanings in ...

Anti-information

Information is that which reduces uncertainty, wholly or in part. Similarly, anti-information is that which increases uncertainty. It is negative information. Noise on a noisy communication channel is an example of anti-information. According to ...

Bum steer

To give a bum steer is a predominantly Australian, New Zealand and North American idiom that means to provide information, intentionally or unintentionally, that is incorrect, was unhelpful, or caused one to be led astray. The phrase is not gener ...

Children's use of information

Childrens use of information is an issue in ethics and child development. Information is learned from many different sources and source monitoring is important in understanding how people use information and decide which information is credible. ...

Community indicators

Community indicators are "measurements that provide information about past and current trends and assist planners and community leaders in making decisions that affect future outcomes". They provide insight into the overall direction of a communi ...

Computational theory of mind

In philosophy, the computational theory of mind refers to a family of views that hold that the human mind is an information processing system and that cognition and consciousness together are a form of computation. Warren McCulloch and Walter Pit ...

Fact sheet

A fact sheet, factsheet, fact file or one sheet is a presentation of data in a format which emphasizes key points concisely, usually using tables, bullet points and/or headings, on a single printed page. Fact sheets often contain product informat ...

Global information system

There are a variety of definitions and understandings of a global information system, such as A global information system GIS is an information system which is developed and / or used in a global context. A global information system GIS is any in ...

InfoQ

Information quality is the potential of a data set to achieve a specific goal using a given empirical analysis method.

Information ecology

In the context of an evolving information society, the term information ecology marks a connection between ecological ideas with the dynamics and properties of the increasingly dense, complex and important digital informational environment and ha ...

Information management

Information management concerns a cycle of organizational activity: the acquisition of information from one or more sources, the custodianship and the distribution of that information to those who need it, and its ultimate disposition through arc ...

Information Management Body of Knowledge

The Information Management Body of Knowledge is a management framework that organizes the concept of Information Management in the full context of business and organizational strategy, management and operations. It is specifically intended to pro ...

Information oriented software development

Information Oriented Software Development is a software development methodology focused on working with information inside a computer program as opposed to working with just data. A significant difference exists between data and information. Info ...

Information processor

An information processor or information processing system, as its name suggests, is a system which takes information in one form and processes it into another form, e.g. to statistics, by an algorithmic process. An information processing system i ...

Information science

Information science is a academic field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information. Practitioners within and outside the field study ...

Information society

An information society is a society where the usage, creation, distribution, manipulation and integration of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity. Its main drivers are information and communication technologies, ...

Information space

Information space is the set of concepts, and relations among them, held by an information system; it describes the range of possible values or meanings an entity can have under the given rules and circumstances.

Information system

Information systems are formal, sociotechnical, organizational systems designed to collect, process, store, and distribute information. In a sociotechnical perspective, information systems are composed by four components: task, people, structure, ...

Informatization

Informatization or informatisation refers to the extent by which a geographical area, an economy or a society is becoming information-based, i.e. the increase in size of its information labor force. Usage of the term was inspired by Marc Porat’s ...

Insider trading

Insider trading is the trading of a public companys stock or other securities based on material, nonpublic information about the company. In various countries, some kinds of trading based on insider information is illegal. This is because it is s ...

Low-information rationality

Low information rationality is a social theory that states that people are information consumers with limited benefits and time for processing and understanding information. Due to the limited benefits and time individuals have for learning new i ...

Market moving information

Market moving information is a term used in stock market investing, defined as information that would cause any reasonable investor to make a buy or sell decision. It is also sometimes referred to as material information. When a public company in ...

Pattern-of-life analysis

Pattern-of-life analysis is a method of surveillance specifically used for documenting or understanding a subjects habits. This form of observation is generally done without the consent of the subject, with motives including but not limited to se ...

Price signal

A price signal is information conveyed to consumers and producers, via the price charged for a product or service, which provides a signal to increase or decrease quantity supplied or quantity demanded. The information carried by prices is an ess ...

Raw data

Raw data, also known as primary data, is data collected from a source. In the context of examinations, the raw data might be described as a raw score. If a scientist sets up a computerized thermometer which records the temperature of a chemical m ...

Statistics

Statistics is the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. In applying statistics to a scientific, industrial, or social problem, it is conventional to begin with a statistical popu ...

Tele-information services

Tele-information services are based on an alliance of digital telecommunication and computer technology that play an important role in inter-human communications. It is a classification of information flows broken down so that the presentation an ...

Contract theory

In economics, contract theory studies how economic actors can and do construct contractual arrangements, generally in the presence of asymmetric information. Because of its connections with both agency and incentives, contract theory is often cat ...

Costly state verification

Costly State Verification approach in contract theory considers contract design problem in which verification of enterprise performance is costly and a lender has to pay a monitoring cost. A central result of CSV approach is that it is generally ...

Neural network

A neural network is a network or circuit of neurons, or in a modern sense, an artificial neural network, composed of artificial neurons or nodes. Thus a neural network is either a biological neural network, made up of real biological neurons, or ...

Inquiry

An inquirer is any process that has the aim of augmenting knowledge, resolving doubt, or solving a problem. A theory of inquiry is an account of the various types of inquiry and a treatment of the ways that each type of inquiry achieves its aim.

Committee for Skeptical Inquiry

The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal, is a program within the transnational American non-profit educational organization Center for Inquiry, which seeks ...

Community of inquiry

The community of inquiry, abbreviated as CoI, is a concept first introduced by early pragmatist philosophers C.S.Peirce and John Dewey, concerning the nature of knowledge formation and the process of scientific inquiry. The community of inquiry i ...

Contextual inquiry

Contextual inquiry is a user-centered design research method, part of the contextual design methodology. A contextual inquiry interview is usually structured as an approximately two-hour, one-on-one interaction in which the researcher watches the ...

Cooperative inquiry

Cooperative inquiry, also known as collaborative inquiry was first proposed by John Heron in 1971 and later expanded with Peter Reason. The major idea of cooperative inquiry is to" research with’ rather than on’ people.” It emphasizes that all ac ...

Design fiction

Design fiction is a design practice aiming at exploring and criticising possible futures by creating speculative, and often provocative, scenarios narrated through designed artifacts. It is a way to facilitate and foster debates, as explained by ...

Domestic inquiry

A domestic inquiry, in the context of human resource management, is a search for truth, facts, or circumstances concerning charges alleged by the employer against its employee. It is an inquiry created by the management against its own employee a ...

Empirical limits in science

"A deep-rooted opinion, which appears today as if it were quite self-evident, is that Science has to supply man with knowledge, and that he cannot expect knowledge from any other province of life. Science separates us and the objects far from eac ...

William R. Harwood

William R. Harwood is a scientist and author, contributor to Skeptical Inquirer, Free Inquiry, and contributing editor to the American Rationalist. He is the author of over 50 books including Mythology’s Last Gods, God, Jesus and the Bible: The O ...

Narrative inquiry

Narrative inquiry or narrative analysis emerged as a discipline from within the broader field of qualitative research in the early 20th century. Narrative inquiry uses field texts, such as stories, autobiography, journals, field notes, letters, c ...

Philosophical Inquiry

Philosophical Inquiry is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes articles, reviews, and critical notes in all areas of philosophy. The journal aims to facilitate international communication of philosophical thought, and it does this by pu ...

Progressive inquiry

Progressive inquiry is a pedagogical model which aims at facilitating the same kind of productive knowledge practices of working with knowledge in education that characterize scientific research communities. It is developed by Professor Kai Hakka ...

Society for Philosophical Inquiry

The Society for Philosophical Inquiry is a non-profit organization devoted to propagating a version of Socratic inquiry through the establishment of regular meetings. Based on their different settings, they are called Socrates Cafe, Philosophers ...

Universal rhetoric

Universal rhetoric is a central concept in Charles Sanders Peirces philosophy. According to Peirce, the main purpose of universal rhetoric is to consider questions of Inquiry in the context of community, and "the very origin of the conception of ...

Knowledge sharing

Knowledge sharing is an activity through which knowledge is exchanged among people, friends, families, communities, or organizations. Organizations have recognized that knowledge constitutes a valuable intangible asset for creating and sustaining ...

Expertise finding

Expertise finding is the use of tools for finding and assessing individual expertise. In the recruitment industry, expertise finding is the problem of searching for employable candidates with certain required skills set. In other words, it is the ...

Getting it right for every child

Getting it right for every child is the Scottish Governments approach to supporting children and young people. It is intended as a framework that will allow organisations who work on behalf of the countrys children and their families to provide a ...

Guru–shishya tradition

The guru–shishya tradition, or parampara, denotes a succession of teachers and disciples in traditional Vedic culture and religions such as Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism. Each parampara belongs to a specific sampradaya, and may have own ...

Witkey

Witkey is a web-based system whereby users can exchange and purchase services and information, share knowledge and experience in order to save time and money. Generally, requests posted are of the type not easily answered on a general internet se ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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