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Voiceless alveolar trill

A voiceless alveolar trill differs from the voiced alveolar trill /r/ only by the vibrations of the vocal cord. It occurs in a few languages, usually alongside the voiced version, as a similar phoneme or an allophone. Proto-Indo-European *WED tur ...

Bilabial flap

The voiced bilabial flap is an uncommon non-rhotic flap. It is usually, and perhaps always, an allophone of the labiodental flap, though it is the preferred allophone in a minority of languages such as Banda and some of its neighbors. In mono, th ...

Voiced alveolar affricate

A voiced alveolar affricate is a type of affricate consonant pronounced with the tip or blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge just behind the teeth. This refers to a class of sounds, not a single sound. There are several types with signi ...

Voiced alveolar lateral affricate

The voiced alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ⟨ d͡ɮ ⟩.

Voiced alveolo-palatal affricate

The voiced alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ d͡ʑ ⟩, ⟨ d͜ʑ ⟩, ⟨ ɟ͡ʑ ⟩ and ⟨ ɟ͜ʑ ⟩, and the equivalen ...

Voiced bilabial affricate

A voiced bilabial affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a bilabial stop. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiced dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

The voiced alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiced dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is ⟨ ɮ ⟩, and the ...

Voiced epiglottal affricate

A voiced epiglottal affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as an epiglottal stop. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiced epiglottal trill

The voiced epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʢ ⟩. Multiple languages the ...

Voiced labiodental fricative

The voiced labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ v ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is v. Sound similar to a voice ...

Voiced linguolabial fricative

The linguolabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ d̼ ⟩ or ⟨ β̺ ⟩.

Voiced linguolabial stop

The voiced linguolabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ d̼ ⟩ or ⟨ b̺ ⟩.

Voiced palatal lateral fricative

The voiced palatal lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʎ̝ ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is L_r. She was not regi ...

Voiced pharyngeal fricative

The voiced pharyngeal approximant or fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is?\. Epiglottals and ...

Voiced retroflex affricate

The voiced retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ɖ͡ʐ ⟩, sometimes simplified to ⟨ dʐ ⟩. It occurs in such lang ...

Voiced retroflex lateral fricative

Features of the voiced retroflex lateral fricative: It is a lateral consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream over the sides of the tongue, rather than down the middle. The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is ...

Voiceless alveolar and postalveolar approximants

The voiceless alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the alveolar and postalveolar voiceless approximants is ⟨ ɹ̥ ⟩, and the equivalent ...

Voiceless alveolar lateral affricate

The voiceless alveolar lateral affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet is ⟨ t͡ɬ ⟩, and in Americanist phonetic notation it is ⟨ƛ⟩.

Voiceless alveolar tap and flap

The voiceless alveolar tap or flap is rare as a phoneme. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ɾ̥ ⟩, a combination of the letter for the voiced alveolar tap/flap and a diacritic indicating voicelessness ...

Voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate

The voiceless alveolo-palatal sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ t͡ɕ ⟩, ⟨ t͜ɕ ⟩, ⟨ c͡ɕ ⟩ and ⟨ c͜ɕ ⟩, and the equiva ...

Voiceless bilabial affricate

A voiceless bilabial affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a bilabial stop. It has not been reported to occur phonemically in any language.

Voiceless bilabial trill

The voiceless bilabial trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʙ̥ ⟩. This sound is typologically extremely rare. This occurs in languag ...

Voiceless dental and alveolar lateral fricatives

The voiceless alveolar lateral fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents voiceless dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral fricatives is, which tr ...

Voiceless dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants

The voiceless alveolar lateral approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent the dental, alveolar, and postalveolar lateral approximants are ⟨ l̥ ⟩ and ...

Voiceless epiglottal trill

The voiceless epiglottal or pharyngeal trill, also analyzed as a fricative, is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʜ ⟩, and the equivalent X ...

Voiceless labiodental affricate

A voiceless labiodental affricate is a rare affricate consonant that is initiated as a labiodental stop. In XiNkuna a dialect of Tsongas affricate as it happens, however) German has a similar sound /PF / in Pfeffer /ˈpfɛfɐ/ pepper and Apfel /ˈapf ...

Voiceless labiodental approximant

The voiceless labiodental approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ ʋ̥ ⟩ and ⟨ f̞ ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbols are P_0 and ...

Voiceless labiodental stop

The voiceless labiodental stop is a consonant sound produced like a. This can be represented in the IPA as ⟨ p̪ ⟩. A separate symbol not recognized by the IPA that is often seen, especially in Bantu linguistics, is the qp ligature ⟨ȹ⟩. Deaf labio ...

Voiceless linguolabial fricative

The voiceless linguolabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ θ̼ ⟩ or ⟨ ɸ̺ ⟩.

Voiceless linguolabial stop

The voiceless linguolabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents it is ⟨ t̼ ⟩ or ⟨ p̺ ⟩.

Voiceless pharyngeal fricative

The voiceless pharyngeal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is an h-bar, ⟨ ħ ⟩. In the transcription of Arabic, Hebrew and other sc ...

Voiceless retroflex affricate

The voiceless retroflex sibilant affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʈ͡ʂ ⟩, sometimes simplified to ⟨ tʂ ⟩, and the equivalent ...

Voiceless retroflex approximant

The voiceless retroflex approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ɻ̊ ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is r\`_0.

Voiceless retroflex flap

The voiceless retroflex flap or tap is a sound that has been reported to occur as a dialectal realization of /ʂ/ in the Dhivehi language. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ɽ̊ ⟩, and the equivalent X ...